[2015] Sarah Danesh (Default class): Ancient Greece

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by Ryno189
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Social Studies
Ancient History

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[2015] Sarah Danesh (Default class): Ancient Greece

Entertainment: Along with the theatre, music was an important part of Greek entertainment and their daily lives. Music was performed at festivals, public gatherings, ceremonies or the battlefield. Athletics was another important part of Ancient Greece entertainment. The Greeks also enjoyed specialization, and were very skilled at the potter's wheel. Their pottery would be painted with daily life scenes, which help us to learn about their daily life.

Ancient Greece By Sarah Danesh

Geography:Ancient Greece had one of the longest coastlines in the world, it was 9,000 miles long. Ancient Greece was mostly made up of mountains and several hundred to 3,000 islands. It was surrounded by three seas: the Aegean, Meditteranean and Ionian Sea. These provided a very important water source to the Greeks. In winter, the Greeks would store their water to prepare for the harsh summers when the riverbeds would dry up. In fact, Greece was no country, just a collection of city states that prospered with fertile land and natural resources.

Victory and Conquest:Athletics were taken very seriously in ancient Greece. Athletes were thought of as warriors in training. Victory was the goal for any athletic event. Only men were allowed to participate in athletics and it was a way for them to prove themselves. This was an important part of their education. If you were victorious, the Greeks would give you a laurel wreath, a ceremonial headband and a poem written in their honor. Over 40, 000 spectators would come to watch the Olympic Games, which originated in Greece.

Gods, Goddesses and Heroes:Myths were stories told to answer people's questions. They almost always included a god or goddess. The most important gods were said to live in Mount Olympus, a temple high in the sky. The gods/goddesses all had humanlike features; they would fall in love, cry, get mad and start fueds. Also, they were each known for a special skill. Believe it or not, much of J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter books were based on Greek myths. For example, Harry Potter has a lightning bolt shaped scar on his head, just like Zeus' lightning bolt.

Living in Style:Ancient Greeks divided their roles among women and men. The women led private lives and were barely seen in the public. They were expected to stay home and watch the children. Meanwhile, men led social lives and enjoyed education, freedom and leisure activities such as theatre, political debates and athletic competitions. They also enjoyed symposiums or a men's drinking party. Men would have lively conversation, entertainment, food, games and plenty of wine. Meanwhile, both genders liked personal and community expressions of style.

Animals; Real and Imagined:Greeks appreciated the cunning, speed, beauty and strength of many animals. Some of these animals were workers or companions, while others were food sources. Most importantly though, animals were in religious rituals to give sacrifices to the gods and goddesses. Ancient Greeks also liked to make frightening creatures by combining the scariest features of animals. For example, a griffin was created by combining the head and wings of an eagle, ears of a horse, body of a lion and tail of a snake. The griffin was then a fearsome protector, or so it is said.

Greek Democracy:Athens, a city state in Greece, led a defensive alliance against a Persian invasion. After they defeated the Persians, the Athenians began a new government where the citizens would vote or their rulers, it was called a democracy. In order to get rid of wealthy landowners with too much power, the Greeks created a process called ostracism. First, it would be decided if the Greeks wanted to ostracize somebody, and if the answer was yes, the process would begin. Citizens would write down who they wanted to ostracize on a piece of paper and cast their votes. The tyrant with the most votes was able to keep his title and belongings, but was banished from the city for 10 years.

Epics and Actors:Before theatre, however there was epic lyric poetry that would be spread by word of mouth. When theatres were created they were open air buildings built on the hillside. The famous, Dionysus Theatre was built on a slope and held 14,000 seats. Whatever theatre they were at, the Greeeks had similar rules. Only men were allowed to attend the productions and only men could act in them. Sometimes though, the men would have to play women, and would wear brightly colored, exaggerated masks so people from faraway could see the characters. The drama performed would take three forms; tragedy, comedy or satyr play.

Houses:Ancient Greek's houses were built of stone, wood and clay bricks. The entire house was centered around the outdoor courtyard, where the women of the household would often sit to get a breath of fresh air. The houses of the Ancient Greeks were often modest in size and relatively plain. They were designed to keep people cool in summer and warm in winter. The women and men each had their own rooms, men had one for their symposiums and women had one for their weaving. It was thought as extremely rude and disgraceful for a man to enter a women's private chambers or weaving room. Though diminished in size and sparsingly furnished, the homes of the Ancient Greece were beautiful pieces of architecture.

Fashion:Most Ancient Greek clothing was very loose fitting. The commoners usually wore plain colored cloth instead of the brightly dyed cloths worn by the wealthy. Sandals were worn outside of the house, but on the inside, bare feet were acceptable. When it got chilly, a wool cloak was wrapped around your everyday clothing. Children wore nothing except loincloths, but men and women would wear tunics, the men's being shorter than the women's.


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