Ancient Egypt - Jon

by abarbour
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
Historical biographies

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Ancient Egypt - Jon

Ancient Egypt Geography

For the Ancient Egyptians, the Nile River had a great impact on their daily lives. The rise and fall of the Nile River was directly responsibe of the development of the Ancient Egyptian Society.

The Nile served as food, water, irragation of crops, and operation of water-wheels. Dependence on the annual flooding was strongly felt during times of drought or flooding, ucertainly causing shortage of food or extreme hardship in the Ancient Egyptians' daily life.

For example, a series of low flooding through the years of 2250 to 1950 B.C. dried out Lake Moeris and led to the collapse of the Old Kingdom civilization.

While the Nile had some advantages, it also had some disadvantages as well. Some obstacles they had to face were being attacked by crocidiles, hippos, and venomous snakes. Also, when the annual flooding happened, the people suffered of their houses being destroyed and death (drowning).

The Nile

The Red Lands

The Red Lands was a barren desert that protected Egypt on two sides. These deserts protected ancient Egypt from neighbouring countries and invading armies. The reason why the Ancient Egyptians called it the "Red Lands" was because the ground was red in this area.

The Black Lands

The Geography

The geography of ancient Egypt was dominated by the combination of lack of rainfall and the Nile River. The a Greek historian called Egypt the "gift of the Nile", since the kingdom owed its survival to the annual flooding of the Nile. The Nile River flows into the Mediterranean Sea, and there is a delta at the mouth.

The Black Lands was the fertile land on the banks of the Nile. The ancient Egyptians used this land for growing their crops. This was the only land in ancient Egypt that could be farmed because a layer of rich, black silt was deposited there every year after the inundation of the Nile.

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