Ancient China

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by MissTurnerA
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
7

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Ancient China

The great wall is the longest ever structure built on earth it's approximatly 5,500 miles(8,850km) long thats longer than the distance from New York to California!It is near 25 ft tall (7.62m)And is 15 to 30 ft wide (4.572m to 9.144m)thats enough room to fit 2 cars on!More than 300,000 and 500,000 commeners people helped to build the wall. Hundreds of miles were already built when the first emperor came, but there was still attacks coming through.He kept building to defend himself from the north.After the Qin Dynasty, Han kept building and added watch towers,fortresses and cannons.The wall did not just defend the emperor from attack but symbolised his great power.

The shang Dynasty:The shang dynasty is known to be the first dynasty in Ancient China.It ruled in a small part of China that is now modern China.The Shang Dynasty is known for the development of elaborat rituals.This dynasty also developted writing.Over time the capotal in this dynasty changed.The shang people lived in houses that were built underground,this provided insulation for them.The Zhou DynastyThe Zhou Dynasty was the 2nd dynasty in Ancient China.The Zhou was already powerful while the Shang Dynasty was ruling the dynasty started in 1050BCE and ended in 221BCE.THe Shang Dynasty started ruling when the attacked the Shang Dynasty and conquered them.While taking over the Shang Dynastys land the Zhou also took over the yellow river and some of the land on the west of this land.It slowley lost power when the power did not lie in the kings hands instead it was transfered to the warring states period.Qin DynastyThe Qin Dynasty began in 221BCE and ended in 206BCE.The first land was within the Zhou's land.The Qin Dynasty struggled for control over China,But during the warring states period they grew in power and finally took over China.The founder was Shi Huangdi.Many families lived inthe samehouses, one or two story houses. So that they could all work in the fields.This Dynasty only lasted 15 years but had alot of achievments.One was the first Tomb for thier emperor.Han Dynasty The Han Dynasty began in 206BCE and ended in 189BCE.This dynasty invented paper and steel also they created music.They started the systym for public school although it was only in the city, only 1 out of 10 people in ancient China lived in the city.The rich built house in the style of greek or roman.Poor people lived in houses made of mud.

Dynasties

First Emperor Of ChinaQin Shi Huang was the first emperor of China. His personal name was Zheng.He united China in 246bce and ended in 210bce.Zheng was an aggresive and ambitious man. Was Qin Shi Huang a good leader of China?This can go either way some people say he is a good leader due to the fact that he he unifified China. Also because he created alot of magnificent things.But on the other hand even though he bought glory all over Ancient China. He was a very cruel man, he would even kill his own brothers to make sure he stayed the emperor.Anyone who went against him or opposed his ideas would get very harsh punishments.A few examples are branding, burying the person alive and many more.Those who broke his laws would also recieve these kind of punishments. Projects:The Ling Canel;Qin Shi Huang wanted to transport supplies to his army so he created the canel.It allowed water to be transported to them.It linked on to the Xiang River and the Li jiangriver.It also linked on to two major waterways which led to the expansion to the South-West of Asia.Road SystemQin Shi Huang wanted to allow easier travel to and from the citys and towns all around China.This not just made it easier to travel but also promoted trade throughout the country.The information about the Terra Cotta army is in the video to the left.Qin Shi Huang also finished the seperated situation of the country and unified them into one.(Make note that this is only a few examples of his extravagant projects.)What were his goals?After he had killed his brothers Zheng got obsessed with power that he wanted to live forever. So he sent out some men to try and find a drink or anything that would keep him alive forever.When the men returned with nothing he got very upset.Thats when one of his men gave him a mercury stone that was said to keep him alive.Not did he realise that it made him live a shorter life not a longer one.The emperor soon became poisoned by the stone.After a couple months he died in 210bce that is when the Qin Dynasty came to an end.

A short video about Qin Shi Huang and the Terra Cotta Warriors

Ancient China

This is a map of China, the lighter section is China. The capital is Beijing.The surrounding ocean is the Pacific Ocean.The Shang Dynasty ruled in northern China in the Huang He Valley.The Zhou Dynasty ruled all of China.The climate in ancient China includes seasons similar to those in North America.The land in ancient China consists of forests, hills, mountains, and deserts.To the north and west of Ancient China were two of the world's largest deserts: the Gobi Desert and the Taklamakan Desert. These deserts also provided borders that kept the Chinese isolated from the rest of the world. The Mongols, however, lived in the Gobi Desert and were constantly raiding cities of northern China. This is why the Great Wall of China was built to protect the Chinese from these northern invaders.

Wars and Conflict

Battle of BanquanIn 2500BCE there was the first war in China,known as the battle of Banquan.It was fought by Huangdi the Yellow Emperor and Yandi the Flame Emperor.They didnt have much information on this war becouse it was part of the era and the involvement of Mythology.The Shannong tribe, a group of nomadic people from the west entered the north China plain.Generations later the tribe was in conflict with other tribes.Such as the Jiuli tribe led by Chi You and Youxiong and armies of Shennong.They met in Banquan In the first large scale battle of Chinese history.They lost the battle and made alliance with the Yellow Emperor,together they formed one tribe called the Huaxia tribe.The tribe kept expanding and later grew envy over Chi You when he attacked thier territory.The Huaxia tribe reacted by facing Chi You in the battle of Banquan.They left with a victory.Now the tribe could expand whenever they wanted and that was the begining of the Han Dynasty

Customs And Beliefs'Freedom of belief is the emperors policy'Religions and beliefs influence a believer's way of lives and production activities.There is four religins in China,Buddhisim,Taoism,Islam and Christanity. Buddhisim is the most important religin in China. In the Chinese language the word tao means "way," indicating a way of thought or life.Ethnic GroupsWhat is an Ethnic Group?An ethnicity, or ethnic group, is a socially-defined category of people who identify with each other based on common ancestral, social, cultural, or national experience.Information about Ethnic GroupsEthnic groups in Ancient China were composed of 56 groups.The Han Dynasty were made account for 91.59% of China.Where the rest of the 55 groups made up the rest of the 8.41%. Traditional CustomsThe ancient chinese concidered tea as one of thier basic necessities.Chinese weddings had certain traditional customs. As form of expressing gratitude the bride and groom would kneel down and offer thier parents tea.In responce the parents will drink some of the tea and then hand the pair a red envelope.When the parents drink the tea it showed aceptance of the marrigeChopsticks were believed to symbolize kindness and gentleness.New year is one of the most important festivals of the Chinese calendar. According to a Chinese myth, Buddha had asked animals to visit him on the New Year's Day. Twelve animals came and Buddha named the year after each of them. The Chinese celebrate the lantern festival on the fifteenth day of each lunar month. New Year is about getting together. Red is believed to abolish bad luck. So people clothe in red for the New Year celebration. A long dragon made of silk, bamboo and paper is carried along streets. Young men hold the dragon and dance while carrying the dragon along. The Dragon dance is an ancient Chinese tradition.

Fun Facts!Rivers were called 'The Great Sorrow' by many in Ancient China, as they flooded and destroyed human property around them.Ancient China had more than 100,000 rivers.The bow and arrow, as a weapon, was invented in Ancient China.Under the Shang Dynasty, it was compulsory for entire families to participate in military operations in case of a war.China is considered the longest continuous civilization. Many historians believe soccer originated in China around 1000 B.CGiant Pandas go back two to three million years ago. The early Chinese emperors kept pandas to ward off evil spirits and natural disasters. In the Tang dynasty, anyone with an education was expected to greet as well as say goodbye to another person in poetic verse composed on the spot.In ancient China, mirrors were believed to protect their owners from evil, making hidden spirits visible and revealing the secrets of the future. A person who had been scared by a ghost could be healed by looking in the mirror. Mirrors were often hung on the ceilings of burial chambers.China has the world’s oldest calendar. This lunar calendar originated in 2600 B.C. and has 12 zodiac signs. It takes 60 years to complete.

Everyday life in Ancient ChinaThe day started early for farmers and thier families, just before the sun rised.In one house there would live many generations, grandparents,parents,children and the sons wives.The children were expected to show great respect to thier grandparents and parents, espiacially thier father as he was head of the family.Back in ancient times married women had to live with thier husbands family.They would prepare the food for the men.Men worked in rice paddies,thier sons would go along with them when they were old enough.The rice paddies wern't to far from thier homes.Water from nearby rivers were transported to the farmers by using an irrigration systym.Younger boys would catch frogs to eat while the father harvested rice.The women and thier daughters would work at home and look after thier younger siblings.The women cleaned the rice that the men harvested the day before.First the threshed the rice to separate the grain from the husk.Then they would winnow the rice to remove the leftover husk.When thier daughters were old enough they would also help thier mothers to prepare the rice.Women also raised silk worms and boiled the cocoons to get silk thread.Then they would make clotth out of it.When it started to get late the women would start to prepare dinner for the men.Some kids would help by collecting water from the river for tea.Others would clean up all the seeds off the ground,they believed that when you marry you will have as many children as you have collected seeds.If the men had left over rice they will take it to the market the next day and sell it for supplies.Every night before they ate dinner they would worship thier ancestors, as they believed if they paid respect to them they would get good luck for thier afterlife.Ancient Chinese houses had an atler where they would place thier offerings to thier ancestors.When it was time to go to bed,the family put out mats to lie on.It was common for everyone to sleep in the same room.

Yuan ChonghuanYuan Chonghuan (1584-1630), also known as Yuansu and Zi Ru, was a famed politician and military commander of the late Ming Dynasty, who battled the Later Kin in Liaoning. He was born in Dongguan, Guangdong Province, on June 6, 1584. During his adolescence, Yuan spent time travelling from town to town, and befriended many foreigners along the way. In 1619, he passed the imperial examinations and was appointed to the minor post of magistrate in Shaowu County in south China's Fujian.Yuan Chonghuan was later known to have excelled in artillery warfare, and was in charge of guarding Shanhai Pass and eastern Liaoning. His military carrer reached its pinnacle when he defeated Nurhaci and the Manchu army in the Battle of Ningyuan. Nurhaci's son and successor, Huang Taiji, was also defeated by him in the Battle of Ningjin.However, General Yuan was a tragic figure. He was executed by the emperor on uncertain charges. Without much evidence, he was accused of collusion with the enemy and other charges, and was condemned to "death by a thousand cuts" at Ganshiqiao in Beijing on September 22, 1630. Local people at that time all thought that he colluded with the enemy, so they hated him very much, but now many schoolers believe that the truth remains a mystery still to be uncovered.

The Great Wall

A good website about Ancient China for kids.

A good website about the festivals in Ancient China


Comments

  • MissTurnerA 6 years ago

    MissTurnerA's avatar

    An excellent Glog filled with fantastic information. Well done, Bella.