Ancient - china, roma, greece

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Social Studies
Ancient History

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Ancient - china, roma, greece







Stable Food Supply

A magnetic compass is an instrument for determining direction. Such as which way is north and south. The Chinese used this magnetic compass to place important temples, graves, and homes in the correct position for luck. They understoood that a lodestone tends to align itself north-south direction because of Earth's magnetism. With this information, they used lodestones to make compasses. This is why we chose a picture of a compass for technology.

In first class were the kings and nobles; they were at the highest level. Then came the lords and warriors, they were in the second class. Lastly were the peasants and farmers, the farmers are supposed to be the largest social class. These people were the lowest class. The kingslead the government and gave land to differentlords.The lords' had to pay the taxes to the king and warriors and to provide warriors to protect the land. Farmers and peasents also the land for the nobles and also the kings. This picture represents all of Ancient Chinas' low and high classes.

The Arts

There were three religious beliefs in China, Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. To begin with, Confucianism was oneof China's beliefs. Confucianism was based on learning from yourelders. There are five basic relationships: ruler and subject,husband and wife, father and son, older sibling and younger sibling, and friend and friend. Secondly, was Taoism. Taoismis the teachingsof yin and yang. Yin and Yang mean one half of the Daoist concept of opposing forces of nature ; opposite of each other. Taoism is followed by the way of nature by living simple lives of quiet meditation. Lastly, is Buddhism. Buddhism includes The Eightfold Path and The Four Noble Truths. These teachings spread throughout India and other parts of Asia. These three pictures represent Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. The yin-yan (first picture) represents Daoism. The middle picture represents confucianism, and the last picture represents legalism.



This picture represents one of the Greek gods Rome "copied"Religion was very important to the Romans. Rome pretty muchstole Greek's gods and goddesses and changed their names. At Rome's many temples and shrines, people made offerings and promisesto the gods. When someone was sick or injured, Romans would leave a smalloffering at a temple in the shape of the hurt part of the body. For example, theymight leave a clay foot to remind the god which part of the body to cure. This picture represents one of the Greek gods the Romans "copied".

This picture of Ancient China's emporer Qin Shihuangdi represents government because before Ancient China did not have presidents like we had, they had an empire. In each empire there was one ruler. This person in the picture was Ancient China's emporer. Qin Shihuangdi was a very harsh emporer. He executed those who did not obey his laws, and burned almost all of religous books. But, he did have some great accomplishements as well. One was building the Great Wall Of China. This was a great accomplishement because he really helped invaders out of China.

This picture represents calligraphy:Calligraphy is the art of fine handwriting. Paper was the ideal material for calligraphy. Calligraphy was an important art form to the Chinese. Scribes wrote their characters by painting them with a brush and ink.

This pictures represents silk, bamboo and paper. The Chinese at first wrote on silk. Silk could easily be rolledinto scrolls, but it was very expensive. People also wrote on bamboo. Bamboo was less exoensive than silk though. The invention of paper helped calligraphers but also changed the way people communicated. Paper was also cheaper than bamboo and silk.

This picture represents the different food farmers grew and the chain pump. Han farmers expected to grow enough food to feed their own families and help stock the shared granaries, or grain storehouses. Floods often ruined the crops. One invention that helped the farmers was the chain pump. The chain pumpmade it easier to move water from the low irrigation ditches and canals up to the fields.

This picture represents what Roman ate and cooked. What Romans ate and cooked depended whether they were rich or poor. The poor depended on "fast foods" from thermopolia and cooked on small grills. Themain foods in ancient Rome were bread, beansspices, a few vegetables, cheese, and meats. Rich ate exotic foods, some favorites might be mice cooked in honey, roasted parrots stuffed with dates, salted jellyfish, and snails dipped in milk.

This picture represents what Romans used to write on.In Rome, Romans used a stylusto write. A stylus is a pointed insturment used for writing. They used small wooden boardscovered with wax. Romans copied down lesson on the wooden board. When they were done they rubbed out the writing with the flat end of the stylus so they could use the board again.

This picture represents the Senate.Romans always believed in the rule of law.The Senate and assemblies were importantsources of law. Roman law were strict, but crime was common in Rome. The most frequent crimes were stealing, assault, and murder. Any Roman, including the poor, could accuse someoneelse of a crime. A jury of citizens decided the case.Romans believed that one law should apply to all citizens. Still, under the empire Roman law was not applied equallly. The poor of course faced harsher punishments than the rich and sometimes even torture.

This picture represents how the Romans "copied" Etruscan engineering. One kind of technology they used was the cuniculus. The cuniculus was a long underground trench. Some vertical shafts connected it the ground above it. This type of technology was mainly used to irrigate land. It was also used to drain swamps and carry water to the cities as well.

This picture represents the Roman social classes. In the upper class of the social structure, we had senates or patricians. There were also kings who were the highest of them all. In the middle class they had Plebians who are freeborn citizens. There are also foreigners who are all freeborn men and women who were born in Roman territory. In the bottom they had slaves, who did all the work for them (kings).

The picture represents Roman art.Romans were very fascinated with Greek art. That influenced them to make their art just like Greeks, but they had their own style. Romans would draw leaders and events on pottery. They would also make realistic statues and portraits.

This picture represents Greek art. Greek pottery was very valuable throughout the Mediterrean world because it was very useful and beautiful. Greek pottery was not only used for admiring, it was also used for storing food, water, and wine. On the pottery you might see black painted figures on red clay. The figures might represent heroes or gods.

This picture represents Greek writing because Greeks used stone tablets to write. On the tablets, they carved important documents, such as laws and treaties into these plaques. Greeks also made poetry and myths as well. The Greeks also made their own alphabet, and they also wrote in all capital letters.

Greek farmers grew food for their own families. Farmers planted planted hillside orchards of fruit.Goats provided milk and cheese. The shortage of good farmland sometimes led to wars between Greek settlements, with each one claiming land for itself. This picture represents Greek food supply.

Thr four forms of government that developed in the Greek city- states: monarchy, oligarchy, tyranny, and democracy. First developed in 2000 to 800 B.C.E. was monarchy. Monarchy is the ruling power in the hands of one person, usually a king. Next was oligarchy, which was founded by 800 B.C.E. An oligarch is one of several people who rule a country or empire together, sharing the power. An oligarchy is a few people made of aristocrats and a few wealthy merchants. Third, was tyranny, founded in the mid 600s B.C.E. A tyrant is a person who seizes power illegally. In this form of government, the ruling power is in the hands of one person who is not a lawful king. In a democracy, all citizens share in the ruling power. This picture represents a person from the Greek government doing a speech.

The Greeks worshipped many gods and goddeses who, they believed, looked and often acted like humans but did not grow old or die. Each god or goddess had power over a particular area of life. Sometimes the Greeks asked them for advice. The Greeks told interesting stories about the gods, called myths. Twelve of the gods and goddesses were particularly important. They are often called the Olympian gods. The Olympian gods were part of the everyday life of the ancient Greeks. People asked the gods for help when setting out on journeyes by land or sea. They dedicated festivals and sporting events to them. They decorated their temples with images of the gods. This picture represents Greek gods.

This picture represents Greek technology with weapons.Greek technology was really advanced.Thier technology has kind of influenced us today.Some of their great invention that they created are aqueducts, streets, and showers. The interesting thing is that showers were supposed to be only used forfemale atheletes. They also have created advanced weapons too. Thier swords were sharper and stronger, and their shields were designed to have a better grip to defend theirselves against enemies.They also created great archeitecture that we even use today. We use their column designs, and arches today.

This picture represents the Greek's social structure.Greek's social structure was very much like Rome's social structure. At the top there was the senators, kings, an equestrians, they had most of the power in ancient Greece. Below them there were commons and freedpeople. The commons were just like regular citizens in Ancient Greece, they hade a lot of freedom. The freedpeople were people who were free, but were poor, so that forced them to do a lot of work. At the bottom lists there were slaves. Slaves had absolutely no freedom, and they had a lot of work to do for the people and the kings. There were also the women, who were slightly above the slaves. Women barely had any freedom. All they did was take care of their home, and take care of children.


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