Ancient China

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Ancient China

HistoryThroughout the history of Ancient China, the civilization succeeded through time by its rising and falling dynasties. By having dynasties, the civilization would be carried through rising dynasties that would rid of unruly leaders and bring achievements and inventions. By this cycle, the Dynastic Cycle, the civilization would never end as a new dynasty would take over the past dynasty. The important dynasties of Ancient China are the Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han, and Xin Dynasties. The Shang Dynasty was formed from the first people of Ancient China around 7000 BCE. From this dynasty came the earliest form of Chinese writing which were carved into bones and turtle shells. The Zhou Dynasty can be separated into two time periods. The Spring and Autumn Period, and the Warring States Period. During these periods would be the creation of the Mandate of Heaven, Daoism, Taoism, accupuncture, cultural achievements, and many inventions. Some of the China's greatest philosophers would come from the Zhou Dynasty. After the end of the Warring States Period witht he Qin state victorious, the Qin Dynasty would rise. The Qin Dynasty was built during the Qin Dynasty and is 13,170.7 miles long.

GeographyThe geography of Ancient China contributed signicificantly to its succession during its early periods. The natural barriers of Ancient China would protect the civilization from outside forces and invasions. The Himalays and Hindu Kush Mountains proved to be an impassable natural barrier and shielded the civilization. The Gobi Desert's harsh climate and terrain would discourage any travelers. The East Sea of China would be hard to reach for other civilizations, and be easily accessable to the ancient Chinese. These natural barriers along with the Chang Jian, Huang He, and Yellow Rivers would allow the Ancient Chinese civilizations to develope and flourish. The rivers carried loess, and the rainy climate and monsoons would aid the growth of crops, especially crops like rice.

Ancient China

EconomyAncinet China's economy prospered and allowed the civilizations to flourish. During times when art, science, literature, and culture was influenced, trade was promoted from products of those creation. The Silk Road would become one of the most important trading areas in Ancient China and surrounding civilizations. The Romans, for example, would trade much with traders from inside China, but could neer track down the civilization. They compared the silk from Ancient China as more valuable than gold. Over time, the society of Ancient China would learn to accept trading. During the Mongol Dynasty, trade was heavily influenced and the wealth of the empire grew immensely.

Science and TechnologyThe Science and Technology developed during Ancient China allowed it to advance itself in areas of medicine, architecture, mathematics, and many other subjects. Inventions by the Ancient Chinese would also further benefit the civilization. Examples of inventions from Ancient China can include the magnetic compass, the iron plow, and accupuncture. The Ancient Chinese belief was surrounded around the idea that humans had "qi" flowing at their center. They would do whatever neccessary to keep their qi healthy as they believed that it was tied to the wellbeing of them.

CultureThe culture of Ancient China allowed for the civilization to be shaped by the people and their heritage. Through traditions, cultural aspects, and beliefs, Ancient China would be peaceful internally with its structured culture and its systems. Much of Ancient China's cultures came form the beliefs and traditions of the people. Back then, many of the people considered family life to be very important, more than business. In a family, the oldest man must look over the family and they must obey him. However, many of the rich families lived separate lives from each other. The men of the family were often away and the stayed at home. The poorer families were much more opposite and lived togerther in one room. The families also had different roles for family members. The boys would take up the work and care for the parents. The girls would look after the home and do the household work. Other forms of culture were present in the people dressed that conformed with their social status. Wealthy families wore long robes of silk while poorer families wore clothes made of hemp, a coarse plant. Cultural traditions include, foot binding, kite making and flying, festivals, poetry, and other crafts of art, literature, and etc.

GovernmentAncient China's government helped the civilization succeed. With the emperor at its center, the government officials, nobles, and councils formed around him would form the empires of dynasties. By the Mandate of Heaven, it stated that a ruler was in power by the god's blessings. Should he be an unruly emperor, then the people had the right to overthrow him and put a new emperor in place. This allowed for the government to stay strong and maintain a steady ruler and balance of power in the empire thorughout the dynasties. A dynasty consisted of a reighing emperor, noblemen who helped with the emperor's rule, and philosophers that may have supported the empror's ideas with their own. The Zhou established a governmental bureaucracy, a system of officials that owuld aid the king and his rule. The Qin Dynasty had introduced the very first empror and created a central government. This would introduce civil services that would administer the government's policies. Along with the first emperor, came new systems. Shi Huangdi would go on to divide Ancient China into 36 parts. These parts would be ruled over by a military leader, a governor, and an inspector to make sure the other two still followed the emperor.

Christine Morrison5/31/17A3 Honors Literature 9


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