Ancient Athens

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Social Studies
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Ancient Athens

Ancient Athens

Ancient Athenian clothing: they made clothes out of wool for winter wear, and used linen as their summer fabric, they dyed their tunics and cloaks in bright colors, and clothes were decorated with geometric designs and could be decorated to represent their city-states.

Ancient Athenian food: foods easily raised in rocky terrain, vegetables, fruit, fish, possibly honey cakes, rarely beef and pork, and bread used to scoop out thick soups and also used for napkins.

Zeus is the "Father of Gods and men" who rules the Olympians of Mount Olympus, according to the ancient Greek religion, he is the God of sky and thunder in Greek mythology. He is also called Jupiter by the Romans. Zeus is the son of Cronus and Rhea, and the youngest of his 5 siblings. In most traditions he is married to Hera, his sister, although, at the oracle of Dodona, his consort is Dione, according to the Iliad, he is the father of Aphrodite by Dione. He is known for his erotic escapades. These resulted in many godly and heroic offspring, including Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Persephone, Dionysus, Perseus, Heracles, Helen of Troy, Minos, and the Muses by Hera, he is usually said to have fathered Ares, Hebe and Hephaestus

Ancient Athenian architecture: they built small huts or houses and wooden walls around them for protection, Later they built bigger houses and stone walls around the villagesAncient Athenian Theatre: Thespis is considered to be the first Greek "actor" and originator of tragedy, Comedy was also an important part of ancient Greek theatre because comedy plays were derived from imitation although this is important to greek theatre there are no traces of its origin, a large circular or rectangular area at the center part of the theatre, where the play, dance, religious rites, acting used to take place, and the actors were so far away from the audience that without the aid of exaggerated costumes and masks.

Ancient Athenian homes: each house was built around an open air courtyard, houses were built of stone, wood, and clay bricks, they were sturdy and comfortable, they usually have two storeys high, Larger homes might have several bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathing room, a woman's sitting area, a men's dining room, and one or two rooms for storage, and they had a private courtyard.

Hermes is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia. He is second youngest of the Olympian gods. Hermes is a god of transitions and boundaries. He is quick and cunning, and moves freely between the worlds of the mortal and divine, as emissary and messenger of the gods intercessor between mortals and the divine, and conductor of souls into the afterlife. He is protector and patron of travelers, herdsmen, thieves, orators and wit, literature and poets, athletics and sports, invention and trade. In some myths he is a trickster, and outwits other gods for his own satisfaction or the sake of humankind. His attributes and symbols include the herma, the rooster and the tortoise, purse or pouch, winged sandals, winged cap, and his main symbol is the herald's staff, the Greek kerykeion or Latin caduceus which consisted of two snakes wrapped around a winged staff.

Ancient Greek hieroglyphics

Hera is the wife of Zeus, she is also one of his 3 sisters in the Olympian pantheon of Greek mythology and religion. Her counterpart in the religion of ancient Rome was Juno. The cow, lion and the peacock were considered sacred to her. Hera's mother is Rhea and her father Cronus. Her children are Ares, Enyo, Hebe, Eileithyia, Hephaestus, and Eris

Hera - Juno

Hermes - Mercury

Zeus - Jupiter

Hermes- God of comuters and bankers

Zeus- God of Gods and Godessses

Hera- Godess of wisdom and fertility


Ancient Athenian government: developed around the fifth century BC in the Greek city-state of Athens, a system of direct democracy was adopted in which participating citizens voted directly on legislation and executive Ancient Greece facts (others): sugar was unknown to ancient greece so they used honey as a natural sweetener, Athens was the largest city in Greece and controlled a region called Attica, It’s believed the first Ancient Greek civilisations were formed nearly 4,000 years ago (approximately 1600 BC), the Greeks had some strange superstitions about food some wouldn’t eat beans as they thought they contained the souls of the dead, the Ancient Greeks invented the theatre they loved watching plays, most cities had a theatre, and the first Olympic games were held in 776 BC at the greek city of olympia.

This is a picture of a common Athenian home which consists of 2 storey's of large rooms.

Map of Ancient Athens


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