Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

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by MarySzcz0324
Last updated 5 years ago

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

-ALS was discovered in 1869.-A progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord.-It means that there is no nourishment for the muscles.-When a muscle has no nourishment, it "atrophies" or wastes away.-There are two different types of ALS, sporadic and familial. -Sporadic which is the most common form of the disease in the U.S., is 90 – 95 percent of all cases. -Familial ALS (FALS) accounts for 5 to 10 percent of all cases in the U.S. -Familial ALS means the disease is inherited.In those families, there is a 50% chance each offspring will inherit the gene mutation and may develop the disease.-A person with ALS will eventually become paralyzed.

Amyotrophic Lateral SclerosisALS

What is ALS?


FACTS-Over 5,600 people in the U.S. are diagnosed with ALS each year.-Mean survival time with ALS is three to five years, many people live five, 10 or more years.-There is currently no known cure.-ALS has been made more aware of through social media with the Ice Bucket Challenge, which raised more than $220 million around the globe for the fight against the disease.

SYMPTOMSEarly symptoms usually include tripping, dropping things, abnormal fatigue of the arms and/or legs, slurred speech, muscle cramps and twitches, and/or uncontrollable periods of laughing or crying.When the breathing muscles become affected, ultimately, people with the disease will need permanent ventilatory support to assist with breathing.

After The ALS Association. ©2015

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