Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

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by JoeyGregory
Last updated 8 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Human Anatomy
Grade:
12

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis(Lou Gehrig's Disease)

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also know as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a non-contagious progressive neurodegenerative disease that attacks the nerves and all passages in the brain and in the spinal cord.

Statistics1.) 15 people diagnosed a day, 5600 people per year, and 2 deaths occur every 100,000. 2.) Up to 30,000 americans are currently affected by ALS.3.) Average live expectance for a person with ALS is 2-5 years.4.) 50% of people diagnosed live for 3+ years, 20% live for 5+ years, and 10% live for 10+ years.

Named after Lou Gehrig, a hall-of-fame baseball player, who played for the Yankees and developed the disease.

ALS is a fatal disease that affects people between the ages 40-70 the most.There is no racial, ethnic, or socioeconomic boundaries.

The word Amyotrophic means "no muscle nourishment."While the word Lateral and Sclerosis refer to the area in the spinal cord where nerve cells that nourish muscles are found, and to the scarring and hardening of skin

Diagnosis is a long, hard process involving Electromyograms, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and biopsies.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) is the main organization that studies ALS. Currently there is no cure, but there is a treatment called Riluzole which helps to prolong life for several months.

ALS causes nerve cells to die and lose control. When located in the chest, involuntary weeping and laughing sometimes occurs.

ALS is thought not to affect one's mind or intelligence. People with ALS maintain all 5 senses and mostly maintain eye muscles and also bladder and bowel movements.


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