American Revolution

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
8

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American Revolution

BattleBattle of Bunker Hill,On June 16, 1775 American troops, under the command of Artemas Ward moved out of their camp and headed to Bunker Hill. Bunker Hill was the perfect position overlooking Boston. They could take the British by surprise. Only one thing stood in their way, themselves. They misunderstood their captain and went to Breeds Hill, which only made them closer to the British position. In the morning the British were surprised to see the Americans threatening them. Major General William Howe was leading the British. Instead of taking them by sea he decided to charge up the hill and attack them there. This was a mistake the Americans waited until they were fifteen paces in front of them then they unloaded on them killing many British injuring many and sending the others fleeing for their lives. It took the British three waves of attacks before they could get the Americans to retreat. Of the 2300 British that fought 1054 were either killed or wounded.

LeaderJohn Paul JonesJohn Paul Jones was a naval Admiral. He helped established the first continental navy. He resided in Virginia so he decided to volunteer early in the war to fight for his new country. He took the war to the enemy’s homeland with very daring raids along the British coast. After the Bonhomme Richard began to sail towards them and fire broke out, the British commander asked Jones if he was ready to surrender but Jones replied “I have not yet begun to fight.” The British commander later ended up surrendering to Jones. John Paul Jones is now remembered for his daring tactics and will to push on even in the face of defeat he would not surrender.

Unsung HeroJoseph BrantJoseph was a Mohawk leader and a loyalist in the war. When he grew up he knew at least three of the six Native American languages and was a translator for the British Indian department. He later on was appointed departmental secretary with the rank of Captain. Brant hoped to persuade the Crown to give back the previous Mohawk land. The King promised to give the Iroquois League people land in Canada if Brent and his people would fight with them. In London Brant became a celebrity and was interviewed by many famous interviewers. Brant was said to have distinguished himself for bravery. The Council of six nations considered him a weak chief. This angered him so he went and gathered up men and they were known as Brant’s Volunteers. He lead them to Unadilla to obtain supplies, they were confronted by 380 men of the Tryon County militia. There commander insisted that Brant stay neutral but Brant said they owed their loyalty to the King.

Revolutionary glog

WeaponsThe average Pistols were mostly used by officers and the cavalry, and were only good at very close range. Most were smoothbore, meaning that, like with the musket, there were no grooves on the inside of the barrel to help with accuracy. Soldier armed with a smoothbore flintlock musket was expected to fire off a shot every 20 seconds. Rifles were not the first choice for soldiers fighting in the Revolutionary War. While they were much more accurate than muskets, all thanks to the twisted grooves, or rifling, inside the barrel that literally makes a rifle a rifle; rifles took a long time to load. Gun powder also had a tendency to quickly build up inside a muzzle-loading rifle – meaning that a rifleman had to a take precious time away from shooting and loading to clean the thing.

QuotationsI have not yet begun to fight! –John Paul JonesIt is impossible to rightly govern a nation without God and the Bible. -George Washington

Facts• The first man shot in the Boston Massacre was Crispus Attacks• John Adams was appointed to negotiate peace with a total of 25,000 Americans died during the Revolutionary war. 8000 died in battle and 17,000 died of sickness, went missing in action and other causes England on September 27, 1779• George Washington had rarely had 15,000 men under his command at a time• The largest city in America in 1775 was Philadelphia• About 100,000 Loyalist fled to Canada, England and the Bahamas• The reason British soldiers were called redcoats was because of their red uniforms• The Americans of 1776 had the highest standard of living and the lowest taxes in the western world• There were 2.5 million colonists during the Revolutionary War period• 40% - 45% of Americans supported the Revolutionary War• September 23, 1780: Plans were discovered indicating that Benedict Arnold intended to turn traitor and surrender West Point. Benedict Arnold joined the British


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