American civil rights movement & to kill a mockingbird.

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American civil rights movement & to kill a mockingbird.

The Scottsboro Boys were nine young black men, They were falsely accused of raping two white women on board a train near Scottsboro, Alabama in 1931.They were convicted and facing execution, the case of Charlie Weems, Ozie Powell, Clarence Norris, Olen Montgomery, Willie Roberson, Haywood Patterson, Eugene Williams, and Andrew and Leroy Wright sparked international demonstrations and succeeded in both highlighting the racism of the American legal system and in overturning the conviction.

American Civil Rights movement ' To kill a mockingbird..

Walter Francis White was a leading civil rights advocate of the first half of the twentieth century.he was one of the major architects of the modern African American freedom struggle. By 1931 White had become executive secretary, the highest position in the association. During his tenure, the NAACP led the fight for anti-lynching legislation, and initiated trailblazing legal battles to eliminate all-white primaries, poll taxes and de jure segregation.

James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens is best known for his remarkable athletic performance at the 1936 Berlin Olympics where he won four gold medals. Owens was born near Oakville, Alabama, on September 12, 1913, the twelfth child of sharecroppers Henry Cleveland and Mary Emma Owens. Owens, the youngest child, was spared much of the difficult farm work because of his persistent pneumonia which nearly killed him twice in his young life.As 1936 began Owens was the favorite to make the US Olympic team where he joined Ralph Metcalfe, the previous record holder in the 100 yard sprint. The Olympic Games were scheduled for Berlin and Adolf Hitler used the setting to promote Nazi theories of Aryan supremacy and the reemergence of Germany on the world political scene. At the beginning of the games, German athletes dominated their competitors before home crowds numbering over 100,000. Most observers believed the Germans would win gold medals in most major track and field events. Owens surprised them by winning four gold medals in the 100 meter sprint, the long jump, the 200 meter sprint, and the 4 x 100 meter relay team.

Although initially hostile to the Communists and wary of being involved in the touchy issue of black men raping white women, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) ultimately joined with the CP and other civil rights organizations to form the Scottsboro Defense Committee. Eventually, one of the white women, Ruby Bates, came forward to repudiate her testimony, acknowledging that she and Price had been pressured into falsely accusing the Scottsboro Boys, and she became part of the campaign to save their lives.

http://www.blackpast.org/timelines/african-american-history-timeline-1900-2000, https://www.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl'safe=active'ssui=on#q=african+american+civil+rights+movement+1930's'start=0'safe=active'ssui=on


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