America: 1800-1814

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America: 1800-1814

America: 1800-1814

Jefferson & Madison

- Democratic- Republicans- Favored states' rights and a weak central government- Believed in strict interpretation of the Constitution- Favored low tariffs-Pro-French, Anti-British-Favored agrarian society, party was mainly composed of farmers and planters


Election of 1800

In the presidential election of 1800, Jefferson beat Adams, but was tied with Burr. In case there ever was a tie in the Electoral College, a new precedent was established where the House of Represenatives is allowed to vote for the new President.

More importantly, there was a peaceful transfer of power from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans


Louisiana Purchase

In 1803, Jefferson offered Napoleon $10 million for New Orleans, Napoleon counteroffered and asked for $15 million for the entire Lousiana Territory.

In effect, the Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the U.S and granted U.S complete control over the Mississppi River and the Gulf.


The Barbary Pirates

The Barbary Pirates from North Africa demanded that the U.S increase tributes, or they would continue impressment of U.S ships. In response, Jefferson sent a naval fleet to fight the Barbary Pirates.


Embargo Act-Prohibited exportation of U.S goods to foreign countries. Its goal was to force Britain and France to surrender peacefully.In effect, the American economy was damaged and people began smuggling goods in and out of the U.S.


Macon's Bill- Prohibited importation of goods from Britain and France, but to whomever surrenders to the U.S first, the U.S will lift the trading ban off that country.

Non-Intercorse Act- Replaced the Embargo Act, but still prohibited trade with Britain and France, but allowed trade with other foreign nations.


War of 1812

Causes of War of 1812- British's continual impressment of U.S vessels and violation of U.S martime rights-British alliance with Native Americans against U.S.- Defend U.S self-interest and neutrality.

Effects of War of 1812- U.S gained international respect for managing to withstand the British Empire a second time.- U.S became more of a manufacturing society, due to the British blockade of the American coast -increase of U.S nationalism and patriotism-Treaty of Ghent, which stated an armstice between Britain and U.S.



Tecumseh was a Native American leader who formed an Indian confederacy to fight against white intrusion. He made an alliance with the British against the U.S.

Hartford Convention


Causes of Hartford Convention-Federalists had ongoing grievances regarding the War of 1812 and other political issues.

Effects of the Hartford Convention-Discredited the Federalists as they were seen as traitors. This led to the eventual demise of the Federalists party.


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