Amazonian Jungle

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by scourge10011
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Energy & Environment
Grade:
6

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Amazonian Jungle

Kinkajous are usually found in the canopy layer. It often hangs from its tail which also helps its balance. The kinkajou also use their tails as a blanket when they sleep. They can turn their feet backwards up to 180 degrees to run up and down the trees easily. The kinkajou is related to the raccoon even though it does not look like it. The kinkajous are often called honey bears because they raid bees nests. They use their long tongues to remove the bees and the they slurp the honey also using their tongues. The kinkajous form groups called troops and groom each other. They are omnivorous. The kinkajou eats at night and return to previously used tree holes in the morning to sleep. Kinkajous usually avoid each other except when mating. The male sniffs and nips at the female's lower jaw and throat. The insides of his wrists have an enlarged, protruding bone, which he uses to groom the female when mating. The baby kinkajou cub is born blind and deaf, with gray fur and a bare belly. Usually a single cub is born, but occasionally twins occur.

The rubber tree is found in the Peruvian section of the Amazon as well as in Java and Malaysia. Its scientific name is ficus elastica. The rubber tree can grow up to 30-40 meters high. It is pollinated by fig wasps and it flowers a small yellow-green oval shaped fig. The rubber tree has a milky white substance different from its sap. This is used to make rubber, but it should not be confused with the pará rubber tree which is the main source for rubber.To harvest a rubber tree, the harvester makes a thin, diagonal cut to remove a piece of bark. The milky-white fluid runs out of the bark, like blood would run out of a small cut on your skin and collects in a bucket. After about six hours, the fluid stops coming out. In that six-hour period, a tree can usually fill a 3.5 liter bucket and can be harvested again with a fresh cut, usually the next day. The rubber tree's rubber was used to make balls and other things, like shoes in the 1800s.

AmazonianJungle

The Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world, it is about 1.4 billion acres which is 5.5 million kilometers square. Over half of the Amazon is located in Brazil but it extends to other South African countries like Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana and Bolivia. If the Amazon was a country it would rank 9th in size in the world.  In 2005 and 2010 the Amazon suffered severe droughts and in the worst areas there was severe vegetation loss. Illegal logging is decreasing while protection of the Amazonian rainforest is increasing. If the world's temperature increased 3 degrees Celsius 75% of the Amazon would be destroyed. This would be devestating because the Amazon produces 20% of the worlds oxygen. The devastation would also affect 10% of the worlds known species. 5.5 million species of animals, plants and insects call the rainforest their home. There are some very dangerous animals like the anaconda, cougar and jaguar. 20% (205) of the world's known species of birds live in the Amazon. Around 40,000 plant species flourish in the Amazon, and around 2.5 million insect species live in the Amazon. 940,000 indigenous people live in the Amazon.


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