Alzheimer's Disease

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by JackInTheB0X
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Human Anatomy
Grade:
11

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Alzheimer's Disease

These are the locations in the brain that are affected by Alzheimer's the most.

The older you get, the more susceptible to Alzheimer's you get. It also more commonly affects women than men. Fewer than 1% of people with the disease inherited it. Also 10% of people over 65 have it, and 50% of people over 85.

Currently, there is no cure for Alzheimer's or treatment that can halt its progression. However, there is medicine that can help treat its symptoms. Aricept is the only treatment approved by the FDA for all stages of Alzheimer's.

Facts and Statistics:- Over 5 million Americans are living with Alzheimer's- Every 67 seconds somone in the U.S. develops Alzheimer's- Alzheimer's disease is the 6th leading cause of death in our country- There are approximately 500,000 deaths each year (globally) due to Alzheimer's- 1 out of 3 seniors dies with Alzheimer's or other dementia

The brain is the organ most primarily affected by alzheimer's. This disease causes degeneration of brain tissue and nerve cells. Due to the fact that nerve cells are damaged, it makes it more difficult for the brain to communicate with the rest of the body. Therefore the system it affects the most is the nervous system.

Alzheimer's Disease

In 1906 a German physician named Dr. Alois Alzheimer, identified a gathering of brain cell malfunctions as a disease. One of his patients had severe memory issues; while performing her autopsy after her death, he noticed twisted bands of fibers (neurofibrillary tangles). This was the discovery of a disease to be named after him, Alzheimer's.

Alzheimer's most directly impairs the mitochondria and lysosomes within the cell (the picture above shows the location of both organelles in the cell).

- Symptoms - memory loss, learning difficulty, impaired reasoning, relation to others is damaged or lost

Notable people affected by this disease: Pat Summit (coach of Tennessee Lady's basketball team), Ronald Reagan (former president), Sugar Ray Robinson (boxer), Norman Rockwell (painter), Rita Hayworth (actress), Peter Falk (actor) Glenn Campbell (country singer and guitarist).

The most prominent foundation supporting Alzheimer's is the AFA (Alzheimer's Foundation of America). Their mission is to provide care and services to the individuals confronting the disease, and their families.


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