Alpine Biome - vkane

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Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Ecology

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Alpine Biome - vkane

Alpine

Animals

Climate

Where is the Alpine?

Sources:

Keystone Species

Humans and the Alpine Biome

Plants

Adaptations

- Located in the mountains under the snowlines, contains many plants that grow close to the ground - Himalayan Alpine Range: Asia□ Latitude: 27 degrees 59'16 North□ Longitude: 86 degrees 55'40 East- Andes Mountains: South America□ Latitude: 10 degrees North to 57 degrees South□ Longitude: 70 degrees West to 80 degrees East- Rocky Mountains: United States□ Latitude: 35 degrees North to 60 degrees North□ Longitude: 115 degrees East to 165 degrees East

- Temperatures and precipitation- High altitude location makes it very cold- In the summer the temperature ranges from -12 degrees C to 10 degrees C, winter temperatures can be below freezing- Rainfall is about 30 cm per year- Cold and dry climate- At night the temperature can be below freezing- Oct. - May: Winter- June - Sept.: Summer

Characteristics

- High altitude and cold temperatures do not allow for life to grow that much- 180 day growing period for plants

- Chinchilla - chinchilla lanigera- Alpaca - Vicugna Pacos- Snow Leopard - Panthera Uncia- Mountain Goat - Oreamnos Americanus- Yak - Bos Grunniens

- Bear grass - Xerophyllum Tenax- Bristlecone pine - Pinus Longaeva- Moss campion - Silene Acaulis- Wild potato - Solanum Tuberosum- Pygmy bitterroot - Lewisia Pygmaea

- Mountain Tapir - helps spread the seeds of plants so they can grow

- Plants grow very close to the ground because of the harsh climate, they reproduce slowly- Animals must migrate, hibernate, or have lots of fat and fur on their bodies to protect themselves from the harsh climate

- Many humans hunt animals in the alpine biome because they have thick fur that can be made into pelts and can be a source of food- Home to many of the world's national parksEndangered Species:- The chinchilla is endangered because it was hunted in the past for its dense and soft fur, used to make coats- The species is now protected from hunting by law

"Alpine Climate." Alpine Climate. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2014. ."Alpine Plants." Alpine Plants. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2014. ."Biomes." JTScience. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2014. ."Climate: ." The Alpine Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2014. ."KDE Santa Barbara." KDE Santa Barbara. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2014. ."Keystone Species." The Andes Mountains Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2014. .


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