Alice Paul

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Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies
Grade:
10,11,12

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Alice Paul

Alice PaulBy: Lauren Ariano

BackroundDuring the Industrial Revolution in the 1800's changes were occurring. People were coming into America, new inventions were made and new laws were being passed. Yet, that was not enough for the women in America. Women in America were not at all treated as well as men. For example they were paid less than men, they were not allowed to vote, and they were not allowed to get a license in medicine or law, which did not matter anyway because most women were not educated. This upset women, so they struck back and demanded that the government pass an amendment that would allow women’s suffrage in America. Since, men were in charge of the government most opposed women’s suffrage. These actions of the goverment lead a war between the U.S. and women. They protested and made groups to get this amendment passed. Some groups even convinced men to join them. Yet, they were still treated with disrespect. Suffragists were arrested for protesting, they were treated inconsistently and still the government would not budge, but until one woman went to the man in charge, the president. This women or woman’s got the president to join them in their dispute and thus the Nineteenth Amendment was passed declaring women suffrage.

Impact- Men protested with women- Inspired women- President Wilson Supported women’s suffrage- Nineteenth Amendment was passed- Women got an education- Women joined clubs - Women helped reform

Effort-Attended National Women’s Suffrage Association (NAWSA)- Organized the 1913 Women’s Suffrage Parade- Organized National Women’s Party in 1916- Protested in front of the White House- Hunger strike- Created a Newspaper called Suffragist- Wrote letters to President Wilson- Founded the World Party for Equal Rights for Women

BiographyAlice Paul was born on January 11, 1885 in Moorestown, New Jersey to Tracie and William Paul. Soon after Alice was born, the family started to expand. Tracie had 3 more children named William Jr. Parry and Helen. Alice's family had a big family background. On her mother’s side she had an ancestor that was a founder of William Penn and on her father’s side she was a descendent of the Winthrop’s of Massachusetts. Most importantly she had ancestors in the Committee of Correspondence during the Revolutionary era. However, that was not the only thing great about that family, they were also Quakers. The Paul's were happy as can be, until one day when Alice was about 16 years old her father was sick with a bad case on pneumonia and died. The family was in great depression, but they were able to fight through and move on. Anyhow, Alice was very smart, and she was educated too, thus Alice went to Swarthmore Collage where she was inspired her to do something in political activism. After Swarthmore Alice attended the University of Pennsylvania where she got a M.D. in sociology. Alice wanted to take sociology and political activism to the next step, so she went to England where she also studied in social work at the University of Birmingham. In England Alice learned many things about women’s suffrage by protesting and campaigning with the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU). There she was arrested 7 times and put in jail 3 times for speaking out. Soon Alice returned to America where she attended the University of Pennsylvania once again and got a Ph. D. this time in sociology. When schooling was over for Alice she wanted to share her thoughts to the whole so she attended the National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA) in 1912. She there protested and fought for the rights of women’s suffrage. This and her mother, who was one of the reasons Alice knows about women’s suffrage, encouraged her to have a Women’s Suffrage Parade in 1913, organize the National Women’s Party in 1916 and organize an organization that kept women’s rights equal, called National Women's Party in 1917. This was not all working, so she went to the big man in charge, President Wilson. She sent letters to him about what was going on and how she felt, therefore she convinced him. He was for women’s suffrage. So, Alice was the big reason why the Nineteenth Amendment was passed. Alice was a huge success, but on July 9, 1977 92 year old Alice Paul died. Her legacy stills lives today and will live forever. Thanks to Alice women have their freedom now.

Personal MotivationAlice Paul’s motivation came from England and her mother. It came from England because in England she saw and learned how bad it was there and thus wanted to help out America. England motivated her to make a change like she did in England. Her motivation also came from her mother because her mother was one of her inspirations to be an activist. Her mother is the one who taught her about this issue and she helped her protest. Alice’s mother motivates her to keep going and never give up. In conclusion Alice was motivated enough to have women in America be able to vote.

Joined (WSPU)1909

Quotes“I could see that social workers were not doing much good in the world...You know you can’t change the situation by social work."- Alice Paul“From the moment we undertook the hunger strike... a policy of unremitting intimidation began. one authority after another, high and low, in and out of prison, come to attempt to force me to break it."- Alice Paul “When you put your hand to the plow, you can’t put it down until you get to the end of the row.”- Alice Paul

Joined (NAWSA)1912

Swathmore Collage1901-1905

BornJanuary 11, 1885

England1907

National Womans Party1916

Womans Sufferage Parade1913

America1910

National Womens Party1917

Nineteenth Amendment 1920

DiedJuly 9, 1977

THE MAGIC CLUBHOUSEAct 1Lauren- Oh my gosh, I can’t believe that we have to do a report on Alice Paul. Who even is she?Nick- I don’t know some old hag probably. Lauren- Ya, she’s probably a person that… why is Coco digging near the clubhouse? Nick- Uh… Let's go see. Nick, Lauren- (Walk over) Nick- What is he trying to dig up?Lauren- I don’t know let's help him.Nick, Lauren- (Digging)Nick- Whoa, what is this?Lauren- Seems to be an old key.Nick- But what does the key unlock?Lauren- I duh know. Act 2Lauren- What’s that thing shining over there in the clubhouse?Nick- Seems to be chest, let's go see.Act 3Nick- How will we open it?Lauren- Nick try the key.Nick- OKNick- (Opens the box and wind comes out)Lauren- What's happening?Act 4Lauren- What where are we? Alice Paul- You're in the early Twentieth Century of course.Nick- Who...who are you.Alice Paul- I’m Alice Paul. Haven't you ever heard of me?Nick- (Whispers to Lauren) Is that the old hag?Alice Paul- Excuse me?Lauren- Oh...oh nothing.Alice Paul- So what are you youngsters doing here. Were protesting right now, is your mother here. Nick- No,no.Lauren- (Whispers to Nick) It is that old hag. Should we ask to help us with our project?Nick- (Whispers excitedly to Lauren) Ya!Nick- Um… Can we chat with you after the protest. Alice Paul- Why wait? Let's go!Act 5Lauren- (Says to Nick) Get out the question sheet.Nick- Oh ya. Here ya go. (Hands it to Lauren)Lauren- First question, when and where were you born?Alice- I was born in Moorestown, New Jersey on January 11, 1885.Lauren- (Hits Nick) Write that down.Nick- Oh, ya. (Writes it down)Lauren- Second question, what was your family background like?Alice- Well, I kind of had a famous family background if I do say so myself. Lauren- What part of it was famous?Alice- Well, on my mother's side I had an ancestor who was one of the founders of William Penn.Lauren- Any on your father's side.Alice- Yes, on my father's side some of our ancestors were the Withropes of Massachusetts. Oh, I forgot. I can't remember if they were on my mother or father's side, but I did have some ancestors who were in Committee of Correspondence during the Revolutionary Era. Lauren- Very interesting. Now what was your education like? Did you get good grades and what schools did you go to? Also what have you accomplished in those schools?Alice- Uh… let's see. When I was old enough to got to college I went to Swarthmore and there I got an inspiration to be involved in political activism.Lauren- Yes, yes. What else?Alice- Well, after Swathmore I attended the University of Pennsylvania and got a Masters Degree in sociology. Then, I wanted to take the next step in these topics, so I went the University of Birmingham that was in England in 1907. That was where my drive for women's suffrage started.Lauren- How did that drive start?Alice- Well, while I was in England I joined a group called the Women's Social and Political Union which was a group for women's suffrage in England. There I learned to speak out and show people what's wrong and what's right. Lauren- Did you get in any trouble doing this?Alice- Actually, yes. Yes, I did, I was arrested 7 times and jailed 3 times there.Nick- WhohLauren- So when did you return to America?Alice- In 1910.Lauren- Why did you come back to America?Alice- Well, to help the women in the United States have the right to vote.Lauren- Nice, very interesting. Now we only have a few more questions to go.Alice- OK.Lauren- What did and are you doing to accomplish this?Alice- Well, I did many things. I set up a parade in D.C. called the 1913 Women’s Suffrage Parade. I uhh...organized a group called the National Woman's Party in 1916. Oh, I protested in front of the White House with other women, and I created a Newspaper that was focused on women's suffrage. Lauren- Really cool.Alice- Huh?Nick- She means very interesting.Alice- Oh, do you have any other questions for me?Lauren- Yes. Who and what have you impacted so far through this process?Alice- Um, I hope impact America by passing an amendment that allows woman’s suffrage. But what and who I did impact was other women. I got women of all ages to come with me and protest. I even inspired some men to help us protest. Including President Wilson, who just joined us in our campaigning and protesting.Lauren, Nick- Wow!Lauren- Last question, what motivated you to be involved with women's suffrage?Alice- Well, there were two things that motivated me to be involved with women's suffrage, one was England. Lauren, Nick- Huh?Alice- You see, as I said before I went to England to continue my studies and I joined a women's suffrage group there. Well, that group motivated me to help people and make a change in this world. I realized there that America and England can't function without women.Lauren- Uh huh, now what's your second reason?Alice- My second reason is my mother. My mother was one of the first reasons I learned about women's suffrage. She motivated me to make a difference in the world and I wanted to carry out her dream.Lauren- Nice, very interesting. Act 6Lauren- (Goes to Alice and shakes her hand) Thank you so much for answering our questions and I hope to learn… I mean see you pass that amendment you wanted to pass.Alice- Of course, you're so welcome and I hope to see you in one of my protests, bye. Lauren- (Spinning and wind) Oh… it's happening again.Act 7Nick- We're home, we're back in the clubhouse!Lauren, Nick- (Hugg)


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