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All team member “PiD usernames: #NASAOPSPARC Daniel Kyong: dan1234561 Thomas Kyong: Kyongster Jimin Lee: OMGJimmy

Criteria and Constraints: Unfortunately, detection of contaminated seafood is not straight forward, and neither fishermen nor consumers can usually determine whether seafood products are safe for consumption. To reduce the risk of serious seafood poisoning intensive monitoring of the species composition of the phytoplankton is required in the harvesting areas in connection with bioassays and/or chemical analyses of the seafood products.

Problem Statement: The impact of harmful microalgae is particularly evident when marine food resources, i.e. aquacultures, are affected. Shellfish and, in some cases, finfish are often not visibly affected by the algae, but accumulate the toxins in their organs. The toxins may subsequently be transmitted to humans and through consumption of contaminated seafood which become a serious health threat. Although the chemical nature of the toxins is very different, they do not generally change or reduce significantly in amount upon cooking; neither do they generally influence the taste of the meat.

Answers: TASK B Spin Off in own words? Every person is different. People have their our own ideas, our own way of thinking, and our own likings to various subjects. Spinoff Technology is using what already exists and adding your own twist into it. It’s taking what makes you you and applying it in a way where it benefits the society. Ideas: 1. NASA-Enhanced Water Bottles Filter Water on the Go Thanks to recent NASA science missions, researchers are finding that water may be more plentiful in space than we had previously believed. Nevertheless, space is still practically a desert, where every drop of water must be collected from every possible source and filtered for reuse. On the International Space Station, a filter developed under the SBIR program now recycles and recirculates moisture from wastewater, urine, and even sweat. Greenbrae, California-based ÖKO developed a water bottle employing the same NASA filter to purify water for consumers on the go. Whether traveling, hiking, or camping, users can take water from surrounding sources such as lakes and streams and make it drinkable simply by squeezing it through the bottle. Thanks to its NASA-derived filter, ÖKO’s bottle is rated effective for use in more than 120 countries. “The materials that have been created for specific use by NASA are state of the art because of the extreme conditions they are subjected to,” says Mohssen Ghiassi, founder of the company. “They are superior to anything else out there.” 2. Home Air Purifiers Eradicate Harmful Pathogens Marshall Space Flight Center funded the University of Madison-Wisconsin to develop ethylene scrubbers to keep produce fresh in space. Akida Holdings of Jacksonville, Florida, licensed the technology and developed Airocide, an air purifier that can kill airborne pathogens. Previously designed for industrial spaces, there is now a specially designed unit for home use. 3. Recycling Technology Converts Plastic Waste to Energy Through the Obama administration’s Strong Cities, Strong Communities Initiative, Glenn Research Center worked with Vadxx Energy LLC, based in Cleveland, Ohio, to optimize the company’s proprietary process for converting used plastics into diesel additives, fuel gas, and inert char. The technology stands to lessen both the hazardous emissions from landfills and the amount of trash ending up in the world’s oceans and other waterways, while also reducing the nation’s dependence on foreign oil. TASK C 1. According to, over half of the grains in the world are used towards livestock feed and growth. The 7 billion livestock animals in the United States consume five times as much grain as the average American citizen. This large amount of grain could equal an additional $80 billion budgets through trade exports, an extra 41 million tons of plants and nutrients for people, or 87% more fresh water for the world. Through algae filtration and conversion to nutrients, this problem can be solved. Their is nearly 1 million species of algae drifting from sea to sea or gathering in small lakes, oceans, and rivers waiting to be used. With the use of large “seabins” we are able to “trap” this algae and use it towards our advantage. Through layers of filtration, we can extract the algae and convert it to nutrients, energy, biofuel, and even fertilizer. The possibilities are endless. Using the excess algae is a way to make the most out of a simple, abundant resource. 2. There are a few major constraints for this spinoff. The largest one being the amount of resources and energy needed in order to collect and filtrate the algae. According to the Seabin project, the purchasing of just one seabin goes up to 3,000 Euros. This means that the building of these larger seabins could potentially have more cons than pros. Another constraint is whether the algae could be harmful to the environment due to the abundance of chemicals and waste circulation Earth’s waters. The filtration process in order to rid of these chemicals would have to be very precise. The criteria should include where the algae would be extracted and how to filtrate out the chemicals without disturbing the environment around it. Another criteria would be using many processes in order to extract the potential nutrients, proteins, and vitamins and convert them into a usable, consumable product. 3. A few scientists, including those in NASA, have performed experiments where they’ve tried to play around with algae uses and growth. Other scientists have tried to gather algae and feed it to other consumers, but failed due to the poison in blue green algae. 4. A new solution could be to use a filtration process where toxic chemicals can either be removed or separated from the algae or finding antibiotics so that animals are resistant to the bacteria. 5. Please view the sketch. Task D 1. We are trying to utilize a material that isn’t used very often, but is plentiful in many areas and create nutrients and energy so it can be used for useful purposes such as food for livestock, humans, etc. The problem being solved could potentially be limiting the amount of water and foods such as corn used to feed livestock and instead use a more abundant and easy resource. 2. We will adapt this by removing the toxic chemicals in certain types of algae by a filtration process. This way, it is safer for consumers. 3. Please view the sketch. 4. Yes, because algae is abundant in many areas around the world and is often ready to be used for these purposes. As well as this, it is not very popular among produces, materials, etc. making it easier to collect and use.

Brainstorm Possible Solutions:We can work around this by cleansing the algae through various processes such as using pools of bleach/salt water/baking soda to submerge the algae (common ways to get rid of pesticide) and using a specific type of algae for harvest (particularly algae that is harmful not because it releases toxins, but because it grows in too much abundance). Tests should be implemented to determine the acceptable types of the algae. Harmful algae can be used as fuel sources as well.

Select a Design: The sketches on the left describe the methods of extracting nutrients and collecting algae and uses of algae such as in biofuel, food, and energy. The illustrations describe its process and the various methods to use excess algae rather than wasting it.

Plan, Build, Test, Refine, & Share Design

Researching NASA Spinoffs

Engineering a New Innovation

DescriptionAlgae -- the organism no one thinks about. Quite sad, frankly, that people actually dislike algae! Well, algae is good. There's an excess amount of it, and people find it as a nuisance and harmful to the environment. Well, to those folks, what if we can tell you that we can use algae to create a better environment? It's possible. Algae has nutrients that can be used for fuel, food for livestock, and astronaut food! Hence, instead of removing the algae, people should "think green" and use algae as an advantage for better health! The extraction of algae is eco-friendly and can help everything not only on Earth, but even people in space! Algae is good. Let's use it to change our community and help those who may not have access to such nutrients. Let's make this world a better place.


Design Review

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