Alexander the great

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Social Studies
Ancient History

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Alexander the great

334 B.C.- Alexander led 40,000 Macedonian and Greek soildiers into Asia Minor which is now Syria and gained victory333 B.C.- Alexander fought a major batle at IssusEarly 331 B.C.- Alexander conquered EgyptI327 B.C.- Alexander marched his army into northwestern India323 B.C.- ALexander returned to Babylon, one of the Persian cities now under his control and had died suffering from wounds and worn out by fever and he was only thirty-two years old100 B.C.- Alexadria, in Egypt, was the largest city in the Mediterranean world

Alexander was planning to unite Macedonians, Greeks, Egyptians, and Asians in hi new emire. After Alexander died, his generals divided the empire into four separate kingdoms. These kingdoms were Macedonia, Pergamum, egypt, and the Seleucid Empire.

Alexander was a great general who had no fear. He kept his soldiers company by going into battle with them and marched with them into unknown lands. The key to Alexander's courage may have been his early education. Alexander's armies extended Greek rule over a vast region. They spread Greek language, ideas, art, and architecture throughout southwest Asia and Egypt. Alexander's success marked the birth of the Hellenistic era.

After conquering Greece, Philip hoped to lead the Greeks and Macedonians to war against the Persian Empire, but before that could happen he was killed.His son, Alexander, became king. Alexander was only twenty when he became ruler of Macedonia and Greece, but Philip had carefully prepared his son for the job. Alexander was serving as a commander in the Macedonian army at age sisteen. He won the respect from his soldiers quickly. They admired ALexander because of his bravery and military skill. AFter Philip's deathhe was ready to fulfill his father's dream, to invade the Persian Empire.

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War with Persia


Alexander The Great

People who served in the governments of the Hellenistic kings had to speak Greek. Hellenistic kings had rather wanted to give jobs to Greeks and Macedonians. They were able to keep control of the governments in this way. By 100 B.C., Alexandria was the largest city in the Mediterranean world. Two excellent harbors and a towering lighthouse was included. On a harbor island with a burning flame on the top is where it stood. The library at Alexandria had the largest collection of writings in ancient times. Hellenistic rulers encouraged Greeks and Macedonians to settle in the conquered lands. These colonies spread Greek culture widely-into Egypt and India.

Spring of 334 B.C., Alexander led about 40,000 Macedonian and Greek soldiers into Asia Minor. Alexander's goal was to defeat the strongest army in the world-the Persians. Alexander's cavalry proved to be a stronger force. A battle was fought at Grancius, in what is today northwestern Turkey. After Alexander's cavalry crushed the Persians at Grancius, they continued to march across Asia Minor. As Alexander was marching acroos the Asia Minor he freed Greek city-states that had been under Persian rule. About a year and a half later, in navember 333 B.C., Alexander had fought a major battle against the Persians at Issus, in now Syria. Alexander's military's skills resulted in a victory. The Persian king Darius III had flee from Issus. Alexander though didn't persue Darius. Alexander decided to move south along the Mediterranean coast. Alexander built a new city in Egypt and named it Alexandria after himself. Alexandria became one of the most important cities in the ancient world because it was a center of business and trade. It reamians a vital city in the Mediterranean region today. Alexander's army headed back north in late 331 B.c. He turned eastward and and invaded Mesopotamia, which is now ruled by the Persians. Alexander's army crushed the Darius's forces at Gaugamela, near the Tirgris River. After this victory Alexander had conquered the rest of the Persian Empire. After Alexander had conquered Persia he didn't stop. In 327 B.C., he and his army marched into northwestern India. He fought a number of bloody battles there. His soldiers had gotten tired of constant fighting and refused to go further. Alexander had agreed upon their decision and let them go to their homes. On the march back to their homes the troops crossed a desert in what is now southern Iran. The heat and thirst killed thousands of soldiers. At one point, a group of soldiers found a little water and scooped it up in a helmet and offered water to Alexander and according to a Greek historian: "ALexander, with a word of thanks for the gift, took the helmet, and, in full view of his troops, poured the water on the ground. So extraordinary eas the effect of his action that the water wasted by Alexander was as good as a drink for every man in the army." In 323 B.C., Alexander had returned to Babylon, one of the Persian cities now under his control. Alexander had died when he returned because his journey through the desert had ruined his health. He was suffering from wounds and worn out by fever and he was only thirty-two years old.

Cavalry commander at age eighteen, king at twenty, conqueror of the Persian Empire at twenty-six, explorer of the Indian frontier at thirty, Alexander the Great died before his thirty-third birthday: neither the ancient sources nor the modern literature take sufficient note of this brilliant commander’s extreme youth.

Alexander spent his childhood watching his father transforming Macedonia into a great military. power, winning victory after victory on the battlefields throughout the Balkans. At age 12 he showed his equestrian skill to his father and all who were watching when he tamed Bucephalus, an unruly stallion horse, unable to be ridden and devouring the flesh of all who had tried

Both Alexander's father and mother had a great influence on the man he became but his mother held a special significance in his upbringing.


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