Alexander Mackenzie

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by Maya205
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Politicians and Presidents

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Alexander Mackenzie

Mackenzie was born on Jan. 28, 1822, in Logierait, Perthshire, Scotland.Sir Alexander Mackenzie was one of the greatest explorers in history. He opened up vast tracts of the Canadian wilderness for trade and settlement. He mapped the Mackenzie River all the way to the Arctic Ocean and seas.He was the first man to travel right across Canada and return. While Cook and Vancouver were sailing the seas and touching on the coast, Mackenzie was slogging through the dense rainforests of the West Coast, over the majestic barrier of the Rockies and across the endless grasslands of the Prairies. In 1842 he immigrated to Canada West (now Ontario), where he worked as a stone mason and established himself as a building contractor at Sarnia. He became editor of a local Liberal newspaper in 1852. Mackenzie was a supporter of the confederation movement, which intended to unify the provinces of Canada. After the Dominion of Canada was created in 1867, he was elected to the first House of Commons, in which he effectively led the Liberal opposition. When Sir John A. Macdonald’s Conservative government fell in 1873, Mackenzie became Canada’s first Liberal prime minister.

Alexander Mackenzie

Mackenzie was a supporter of the confederation movement, which intended to unify the provinces of Canada. After the Dominion of Canada was created in 1867, he was elected to the first House of Commons, in which he effectively led the Liberal opposition. When dual representation was abolished in 1872, he gave up his post as provincial treasurer in the Ontario provincial government.When Sir John A. Macdonald’s Conservative government fell in 1873, Mackenzie became Canada’s first Liberal prime minister. Alexander Mackenzie served as the second prime minister of Canada from 1873 to 1878.Life as a prime ministerAs Prime Minister, Alexander Mackenzie strove to reform and simplify the machinery of government. He introduced the secret ballot; created the Supreme Court of Canada; established the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston, Ontario in 1874; created the Office of the Auditor General in 1878; and struggled to launch the national railway.At the time, it was customary for the British monarch to knight all Canadian Prime Ministers. But Scottish memories run deep and Alexander Mackenzie declined all offers of a British knighthood.The Dark DayHe passed away on April,17,1892.

Political days

House of commons

1.Alexander Mackenzie was the first man to travel right across Canada and return.2.He was the first Liberal prime minister.3.He was the second prime minister of canada.

Glogy by:Maya H.

Prime Minister

Early Life

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FamilyHis journey as an explorer started when his father brought him from Britain to New York City in 1774 where the revolution was starting to gain momentum. His father joined the King's Royal Regiment of New York and died in NY from unknown causes in 1780. Alexander was taken in by his aunts who moved to Johnstown and then as loyalists they moved to Montreal where Alexander was enrolled in school.

Quiz1.Did Alexander Mackenzie ule from 1873 to 1878?2.Was Alexander the third prime minister?3.Was Alexander a Liberal?


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