[2015] michelle lindsay: Alcoholism

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by kmartina66
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
8,9,10,11

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[2015] michelle lindsay: Alcoholism

Treatment for alcoholism involves a number of supports that are aimed at helping you refrain from drinking altogether. Treatment may occur in stages and can include the following:•detoxification or withdrawal to rid your body of alcohol•rehabilitation to learn new coping skills and behaviors•counseling to address emotional problems that may prompt you to drink•support, including 12-step programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous•medical treatment for health problems associated with alcoholism•medications to help control addiction

Research also shows that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol may protect healthy adults from developing coronary heart disease.

Medications:

Treatments:

Alcohol abuse/alcoholism

Alcohol affects every organ in the drinker's body and can damage a developing fetus. Intoxication can impair brain function and motor skills; heavy use can increase risk of certain cancers, stroke, and liver disease. Alcoholism or alcohol dependence is a diagnosable disease characterized by a strong craving for alcohol, and/or continued use despite harm or personal injury. Alcohol abuse, which can lead to alcoholism, is a pattern of drinking that results in harm to one's health, interpersonal relationships, or ability to work. 

Effects:

There are two types of alcohol abuse, those who have anti-social and pleasure-seeking tendencies, and those who are anxiety-ridden people who are able to go without drinking for long periods of time but are unable to control themselves once they start. Binge drinking is another form of alcohol abuse. According to surveys, the heaviest drinkers are the United Kingdom's adolescents.In 2013, 139,000 deaths globally were directly due to alcohol abuse and an additional 384,000 to cirrhosis from excess alcohol consumption

Types:

•Naltrexone (ReVia, Vivitrol) is used only after an individual has detoxed from alcohol. This type of drug works by blocking certain receptors in the brain that are associated with the alcoholic “high.” This drug, in combination with counseling, may help to decrease an individual’s craving for alcohol. •Acamprosate (Campral) is a medication that can help to re-establish the brain’s original chemical state before alcohol dependence. This drug should also be used in conjunction with therapy. •Disulfiram (Antabuse) is a drug that causes physical discomfort (nausea, vomiting, headaches) any time the individual consumes alcohol.


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