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by Vannnnah
Last updated 6 years ago

Health & Fitness

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Alcohol Awareness Glogster

Effects on the human body


How alcohol enters the body

Percentage of people that abuse alcohol

42% of men and about 19% of women reported a history of alcohol abuse or alcoholism during their lives. Whites and Native Americans were more likely than any other ethnic groups to report drinking problems.

Factors that influence how alcohol will affect a person include age, gender, physical condition, amount of food eaten, and other drugs or medicines taken. In low doses, alcohol produces: a relaxing effect, reduces tension, lowers inhibitions, imprairs concentration, slows reflexes, impairs reaction time, reduces coordination. In medium doses, alcohol produces: slur speech, cause drowsiness, alter emotions. In high doses, alcohol produces: vomiting, breathing difficulties, unconsciousness, and a coma. Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant. Some of the neurochemical effects of alcohol are: increased turnover of norepinephrine and dopamine. Decreased transmission in acetylcholine systems. Increased transmission in acetylchonine systems. Increased transmission in GABA systems. Increased production of beta-endorphin in the hypothalamus. Chronic alcohol use can: damage the frontal lobes of the brain. Cause an overall reduction in brain size and increase in the size of the ventricles. Lead to alcholism (addiction to alcohol) and result in tolerance to the effects of alcohol and variety of health problems. Cause a vitamin deficiency. Because the digestion system of alcoholics is unable to absorb vitaim B-1, a syndrome known as "Wernicke's Encephalopathy" may develop.

Alcohol is the natural by-product of the fermentation of sugars by yeast. Ethanol is produced using a process called fermentation. Glucose + yeast = alcohol + carbon dioxide.

1. Mouth: alcohol enters the body. 2. Stomach: some alcohol gets into the bloodstream in the stomach, but most goes on the small intestine. 3. Small intestine: alcohol enters the bloodstream through the walls of the small intestine. 4. Heart: pumps alcohol throuhgout the body. 5. Brain: alcohol reaches the brain. 6. Liver: alcohol is oxidized by the liver at a rate of about 0.5 oz per hour. 7. Alcohol is converted into water, carbon dioxide and energy.

How is alcohol made?

Agencies that offer help to abusers- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Intensive Outpaitent Program (OP), Baldwin County Mental Healthy Center and the Salvation Army

The price of alcohol will really vary to anything just depending on the brand and quality. A fifth of vodka or tequila for example, will cost you between six and forty dollars.



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