Albinism

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by LexxiiV
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Biology
Grade:
11

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Albinism

Oculocutaneous Albinism:OCA 1-4X-linked Ocular AlbinismHermansky-Pudlak SyndromeChediak-Higashi Syndrome

Albinism

What is Albinism?

Treatment

Annual eye and skin examsPrescription lenses and sunglasses (for outdoors)Optic muscle surgeryTilting head slightly

Albinism is a sex-linked genetic disorder in which there is a small amount or lack of melanin in the eyes, hair, and/or skin. It isn't a gender specific disease like Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD). Either parent can be a carrier because the gene for albinism is recessive. All people with albinism have vision problems and it affects any and all races and both genders. There are two types of albinism; Oculocutaneous Albinism (OCA) and Ocular Albinism. OCA has four sub-groups and Ocular Albinism affects the eyes but the skin and hair remain normal.

Symptoms

FrecklesMolesAbility to tan'Translucent' eye color (pale blue)Extreme Near/Farsightedness Light sensitiveNystagmus, Astigmatism, and Strabismus

1 in 17,000 people in the US have Albinism

An Asian or African person with albinism can have yellow or reddish hair.

A few well-known people with Albinism include: Connie Chiu, Johnny and Edgar Winter, and Victor Varnado

Types of Albinism

http://www.thewilltosee.com/2012/04/04/genetics-of-ocular-albinism/

http://www.thefacebeauty.co.uk/blog/skinfact-1100-melanin-and-albinism-225/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cgZwWLLS6Bo

http://myhometruths.com/2013/06/demystifying-albinism-seeing-red/

http://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/problems/medical/albinism2.htm


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