Albinism

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by TErisman7
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
10

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Albinism

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Descripton of AlbinismAlbinism is a defect of melanin production that results in little or no color (pigment) in the skin, hair, and eyes. Albinism is inherited through a recessive allele. Albinism occurs because of partial or complete absence of the pigment Melanin. Albinism is found in 15 out of every 100,000 people, worldwide.

Albinism

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Signs & SymtomsThere are different types of albinism that all have slight differences on how they affect the person with it. OCA type 1 is the complete absence of pigment which causes (photophobia) sensitivity to light.OCA type 2 is moderate degree of pigmentation to skin, hair and eyes.OCA type 3 is difficult to identify but can be found when a light skinned baby is born ti darker skinned parents. These three types affect the skin, hair and eyes, while Ocular Albinism affects only the eyes.

Treatment Treatment is limited for albinism since it is a genetic disorder. some treatments that help with the disorder include; wearing special sunglasses to improve vision, visiting the dermatologist often to check for skin cancer, and having anual eye exams ministered.

Life ExpectancyAlbinism has no affect on life expectancy as long as precautions are taken to help in protecting themselves from the sun.

NOAH The National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation PO Box 959, East Hampstead, NH 03826-0959 Phone: 800 473-2310 (US and Canada) Phone: 603 887-2310 Fax: 800-648-2310 http://www.albinism.orgorThe National Society of Genetic CounselorsMaintains a referall list of genetic counselorsPhone: 610-872-7608

"Albinism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 06 Feb. 2013. Web. 02 June 2013."Albinism: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 22 Mar. 2013. Web. 02 June 2013."American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus." Albinism — AAPOS. American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 05 July 2011. Web. 02 June 2013.


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