Air Pollution

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by 4Ladies
Last updated 6 years ago

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Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Environmental Studies

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Air Pollution

effects

causes

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-Air Pollution-

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What is Air Pollution?Other planets have sunlight, but the Earth is the only planet we know that has air and water. Without air and water, the Earth would be unable to sustain life. A diverse community of plant and animal life has thrived on this planet for millions of years, sustained by the sun and supported by the soil, water and air.

Effects of Air Pollution•Air pollution causes irritation in the throat, nose, lungs and eyes. It causes breathing problems and aggravates existing health conditions such as emphysema and asthma. •Contaminated air reduces the body’s defenses and decreases the body’s capacity to fight other infections in the respiratory system. •Frequent exposure to polluted air increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Breathing air that is filled with fine particulate matter can induce hardening of the arteries, triggering cardiac arrhythmia or even a heart attack. •People who exercise outdoors are susceptible to the adverse effects of air pollution because it involves deeper and faster breathing. •Acid rain contains hydrogen ions, which can damage trees, crops, harm marine animals and induce corrosion in metals. •Smog causes harmful health effects in humans and animals. Studies have shown signs of black lung disease in dolphins of due to high concentrations of carbon particles in the air. •People afflicted with heart disease, children and older people are more sensitive to air pollution.

Causes of Air PollutionThe main causes of air pollution can be broken down into two distinct categories: natural and human. Natural causes typically include events such as volcano eruptions, dust storms, and forest fires. However, these events occur sporadically. On the other hand, human-caused pollution tends to happen on an ongoing scale. It is largely made up of pollutants emitted from fuel-burning vehicles, factories, waste incineration, smoking, and more.

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Solution of Air PollutionTo maintain a cleaner air quality, start at home. Identify sources of pollutants at home and try to eliminate or at least minimize them. Install an air cleaner at home for better indoor air quality. Limit your use of vehicles and instead walk, rollerblade, or bike. Alternatively, use public transport or carpool. Pay special attention to the types of products you use, to avoid those that emit harmful gases.

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Resources1.http://www.gogreenacademy.com/causes-and-effects-of-air-pollution/2.http://airconditioningsoutheast.com/info/article/air-pollution-effects-and-solutions3.http://www.epa.vic.gov.au/air/aq4kids/pollution.asp


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