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Air Pollution in Afganistan

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by sg5td45r3
Last updated 2 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Environmental Studies
Grade:
11

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Air Pollution in Afganistan

What Are The Causes Of Air Pollution In Afganistan And How Does It Affect The Human Body?

Affects of air pollution on the human body: •negatively affects the respiratory system•damages lung tissue•can cause cancer and premature death•The elderly, children and people with chronic lung disease, influenza or asthma tend to be especially sensitive to the effects of particulate matter.

Causes of air pollution in Afghanistan:•old vehicles and the use of substandard fuel •In the absence of electricity and gas, most people use any fuel they can lay their hands on (plastic, wood, rags) for heating, cooking •Lack of green zones and the loss of trees and forests resulting from recurrent drought and/or widespread deforestation •the result of three decades civil war in Afghanistan

What can be done to prevent air pollution?•rehabilitation of forests•promotion of greenery•ban the import and use of substandard fuel •improve waste management•build and strengthen institutional capacity

Air pollution in Kabul had been the cause of death of over 3,000 people every year. The Ministry of Public Health say that cardiovascular and respiratory diseases resulting from air pollution in Kabul are increasing the country's crude mortality rate by four percent each year. The level of nitrogen dioxide was 52 ppm on an average day in Kabul in 2008. The US Environmental Protection Agency indicate the national air quality standard for nitrogen dioxide is 0.053 ppm. The level of Sulphur dioxide was 37 ppm on an average day in Kabul in 2008. The US Enviromental Protection Agency says the 24-hour average concentration of SO2 should not exceed 0.14 ppm


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