After Pearl harbor

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by emilyczarnecki
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War II
Grade:
9

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After Pearl harbor

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base on December 7th 1941. (December 8th in Japan). The attack led the United States into World War II.

After Pearl Harbor

"Yesterday, December 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan... The facts of yesterday speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation... No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. - Franklin Roosevelt, Message Asking for War Against Japan. December 8, 1941

The Japanese intened the attack as a preventve action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Japan Empire was planning in Southeast Asia. Against the overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States.

The base was attacked by 353 Japanese fighter planes, bombers, and torpedo planes in two waves. Lauched from six aircraft carriers. All eight of the U.S. Navy battleships were damaged with four being sunk. All but one, Arizona, were later raised and six of the eight battleships returned to service and went on to fight in the war. The Japanese also damaged or sank three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship, and one minelayer.

2,403 Americans were killed and 1,178 were wounded. The following day, December 8th the United States declared war on Japan. The attack came as a profound shock to Americans and led the United State directly into World War II in both the Pacific and European theaters.

Dec. 7th 1941

Dec. 8th1941

History

The day following the attack, Roosevelt delivered his famous Infamy Speech to Congress, calling for a formal declaration of war on the Empire of Japan. Congress obliged his request less than an hour later.

In the wake of the attack, 15 Medals of Honor, 51 Navy Crosses, 53 Silver Stars, four Navy and Marine Corps Medals, one Distinguished Flying Cross, four Distinguished Service Crosses, one Distinguished Service Medal and three Bronze Star Medals were awarded to the American servicemen who distinguished themselves who distinguined themselves in combat at Pearl Harbor. On top of that, a special military award, the Pearl Harbor Commemorative Medal was later authorized for all military veterans of the attack.


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