african union

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Social Studies

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african union

The African Union was founded in 9th of september in 1999.It was born by the Sirte Statement.


All African countries ,except from Madagascar, Eritrea and Morocco, belong to the African Union. Eritrea and Madagascar were syuspended. in 2009.Morocco left the African Union in 1984, when the majority of member countries supported the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.







The Organization of African Unity (OAU) was established on 25 May 1963. It was disbanded on 9 July 2002 by its last chairperson, South African President Thabo Mbeki, and replaced by the African Union (AU).AimsThe OAU had two primary aims:-To promote the unity and solidarity of the African states and act as a collective voice for the African continent.-The OAU was also dedicated to the eradication of all forms of colonialism, as, when it was established, there were several states that had not yet won their independence or were minority-ruled. The OAU proposed two ways of ridding the continent of colonialism. Firstly, it would defend the interests of independent countries and help to pursue those of still-colonised ones. Secondly, it would remain neutral in terms of world affairs, preventing its members from being controlled once more by outside powers.The OAU had other aims, too:Ensure that all Africans enjoyed human rights.Raise the living standards of all Africans.Settle arguments and disputes between members – not through fighting but rather peaceful and diplomatic negotiation.

The AU has been established as an international institution to intervene with other international bodies in developed countries for economic and social assistance on the continent, the AU constantly calling for contributions for development cooperation .The working bodies of the Union strongly combat the lack of respect for African cultures, by governments who impose on their peoples beats and concepts of development, lifestyles, consumption and production conflicting with regard to indigenous traditions and feel of nations.The work of the African Union has emerged as a representation of relative weight compared to constant presence of multinational companies in Africa fighting for the maintenance of domination and exploitation of natural resources and energy in African territory., although it has been translated only to a monitoring and reporting work.



The principal topic for debate at the July 2007 AU summit held in Accra, Ghana, was the creation of a Union Government, with the aim of moving towards a United States of Africa. A study on the Union Government was adopted in late 2006,and proposes various options for completing the African Union project..Following a heated debate in Accra, the Assembly of Heads of State and Government agreed in the form of a declaration to review the state of affairs of the AU with a view to determining its readiness towards a Union Government. In particular, the Assembly agreed to: - Accelerate the economic and political integration of the African continent, including the formation of a Union Government of Africa;- Conduct an audit of the institutions and organs of the AU; - Review the relationship between the AU and the RECs; - Find ways to strengthen the AU and elaborate a timeframe to establish a Union Government of Africa.


Accomplishments and achievements of the African Union


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