African Americans In World War 1

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
African-American History

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African Americans In World War 1

Below is a picture of some soldiers of the Harlem Hellfighters. Organized in 1916 as the 15th National Guard Infantry Regiment, containing black and white enlisted soldiers, the U.S. Army's 369th Infantry Regiment known as the "Harlem Hellfighters", was the most well known African American unit of World War 1. In 1917 the Harlem Hellfighters unit prepared for service in Europe and arrived there in late december. The following month, the unit became a part of the 93rd provisional division and continued its training under French instructors. In March 1918 they finally recieved their final designation and began combat operations.

(Right) World War 1 had a major impact on African Americans in the United States. They played a big role in the fighting in World War 1. 400,000+ African Americans volunteered for armed service, and made up 13 percent of the soldiers of the American Expeditionary Force fighting in France. Although they were a big part of this service, they were frequently put in segregated units officered by white men, who gave the African Americans less than fair treatment more than often. The African Americans were often forced into lower grade jobs, despite the obvious evidence that they could fight very well. Many times, African Americans were noticed being an example of outstanding battlefield bravery, but nop African American troop was ever recognized foramlly to recieve the Medal of Honor for his role in the war. African Americans played a big part in the victory of World War 1, even though segregation and discrimination.

The Harlem Hellfighters were a very decorated group of African American soldiers of World War 1. The Harlem Hellfighters recieved thier nickname from one of their enemies, the Germans due to their great success and effort in battle. The efforts of the Harlem Hellfighters made up a significant part of the history of the American military and racial politics. Even though these African Americans fought against the discrimination from their country from their earliest years, it was not until the 20th century when systematic racial segregation in the U.S. Army forces ended. Before departing for France, the regiment of the Harlem Hellfighters were not allowed to march in the send-off parade with other New York regiments. By the time the Harlem Helfighters returned from the war, nobody denied them their well deserved place in the 1919 victory parade at home. Their great success paid off.

African Americans in WW1

As the people of the United States watched World War I ignite across Europe, African American citizens saw an opportunity to win the respect of the White Americans. America had a segregated society, and African Americans were considered second class citizens. Despite that, there were many African American men willing to serve in the country’s military, but even as it became apparent that the United States would enter the war in Europe, blacks were still being rejected by the military service.

Despite this treatment, African American men continued to enlist in the American military. They served their county in World War I, and many went on to fight the war in World War II. It was not until the 1948 when President Harry Truman issued an order to desegregate the military, although it took the Korean War to fully integrate the Army. African Americans finally began to receive the equal treatment their ancestors were deprived of in the past.

White riots were a form of violence faced by African Americans during the World War I era. In 1919, more than seventy-five blacks were lynched by white mobs, including more than a dozen black soldiers, some were still in uniform. Many of the lynchings were growing to be more barbaric. During the first year following the end of the war, eleven African Americans were burned alive by mobs of White Americans


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