Afghanistan

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by natiz_14564bd0810065c
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Geography

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Afghanistan

The Role of honor -Honor in Afghan culture defines the reputation and worth of an individual, as well as those they are associated with (family).-The head male of a family is responsible for protecting the honor of the family. The issue of honor has some consequence, for examole the watch of behavior surrounding the protection of women, modes of dress, social interaction, education and economic activity.-If someone's honor has been compromised, broken, damaged, or put in doubt, they are shamed and will look for a way to exact revenge for themselves, their family or group.-The role of honor and tribalism has affected the country's recent history, with one group carrying out violent acts against another, the victims are forced to respond causing a circle of violence.- The family is the most important unit in the Afghan culture. Hospitality  - Hospitality is an essential aspect of Afghan culture.- No matter who you are, if you visit a home you will be given the best the family has.This relates back to the idea of gaining honor. The tea tradition - If you are invited for tea, which you inevitably will be, you will be offered snacks and your tea glass will be constantly filled. When you have had enough cover the glass with your hand and say "bus" (meaning 'enough'). Family - Men and women's roles are much more defined along traditional lines.Women are generally responsible for household duties, where as men will be the bread winners. In the cities professional women do exist.- Families commonly arrange marriages for their children. Factors such as tribe, status, network, and wealth are the major factors forming any choice.- Families traditionally live together in the same walled compound, known as the kala. When a son gets married he and his wife begin their married lives in a room under the same roof.-As with much of the Muslim world, the family is sacred and as such, is highly protected. As a result, probing about the family is not advised. Clothing - Men should wear conservative suits and shoes. - If working in the country in a non-commercial capacity then wearing the traditional Afghan dress (long shirt and trousers) is best. - Women must always dress modestly and conservatively. The general rule is to show as little flesh from the neck downwards. - If working in business, women should wear knee-length, loose fitting business skirts with loose fitting professional trousers underneath. Wearing headscarf is advisable.

AFGHANISTAN

The mayority of Afghans practice Islam as a religion. Islam: means to submit freely to the commandments and will of the one and only god (Allah). This submission ahould come from within, from sound belief in and conviction to Allah, with no doubt. It should also come from love, trust, and affection. Allah:is not a special god for muslims, but Allah is the creator of all creatures, including mankind.The Qur'an: is the authentic collection of this revelation recorded in book form. It is the exact, unchanged word of Allah to all mankind.A Muslim: is any male or female person who believes in Allah and prophet Muhammad Traditions:- When meeting someone the handshake is the most common form on greeting. You will also see people place their hands over their hearts and nod slightly.- One should always ask about things like a person's health, business, family, etc.- Women and men will never shake hands nor speak directly to one another.- Eye contact should also be avoided between men and women. Between men eye contact is acceptable as long as it is not prolonged, it is best to only occasionally look someone in the eyes.

Public education is a relatively recent concept in Afghanistan. It wasn't until 1969 that the Afghan government legislated free, mandatory education for children between the ages of 7 and 15.  Primary education: two education systems exist in parallel in Afghanistan. Religious education is the responsability of "the clergy" at mosques, while the government provides free academic education at state schools. From age 7 to 13 kids attend to primary schools where they learn the basics of, reading, writing, arithmetic and their natural culture. Middle education: three years of middle school follow where academic style education continues. Students must pass an examination at the end of this phase if they wish to study further. Secondary education: at a secondary school, students have a choice between continuing with an academic path for 3 years which could perhaps lead to college. Or study subjects such as applied agricultur, aeronautics, arts, or commerce instead. Vocational education: Afghanistan continues to attempt to surface, from a civil warand an ultra-orthodox regime. The rights of women and broader curriculum are both gradually being reinstated, as the nation shrugs off its past, and attempts to kick-stars its economy.

CULTURE

RELIGION

EDUCATION

Glog by:Camila Castillo and Natalia Muvdi

It is located in the continent of Asia, Afghanistan covers 652,230 square kilometers of land, making it the 41st largest nation in terms of land area, it's capital is Kabul.     Afghanistan became an independent state in 1919, after gaining its sovereignty from The United Kingdom. The population of Afghanistan is 30,419,928 (2012) and the nation has a density of 47 people per square kilometer.Afghanistan shares land borders with 6 countries: Iran, Turkmenistan, China, Pakistan, Tajekistan, and Uzbekistan.

GEOGRAPHY

Temperature: it can vary throughout the year from ranges -10*C to 32*C

Lenguage: the two official languages of Afghanistan are Pashtu and Dari


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