Afganistan Ethnicities

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by HSmid
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World Culture
Grade:
12

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Afganistan Ethnicities

Afghanistan Ethnicities

Main Ethnic Differences Between Pashtun and Hazara

Hazara:-Ethnicity concentrated in the mountainous highlands of Afghanistan called Hazarajat-Hazarajat is an undeveloped rural area-Drawn out of valleys, due to persecution in occupied areas-Mongolian Ancestry (Central Asia)-Originated from descendents of traveling Mongol soldiers and traders of the Silk Route-Religion: Shia Islam (Shia Muslims)-Have struggled for autonomy since the 16th century-Most significant persecution of Hazara people within the timeline of this novel is the massacre brought on by the Taliban-Taliban discriminated against the Hazara people because the Taliban was a band of radical Islamists who did not consider Shia Muslims to be true Muslims-Reasons for Pashtun Discrimination Against Hazara:a) were a minorityb) differed in appearancec) differed in religion

Hazara

Pashtun

Afganistan is a mosiac of ethnicites.The three most recognized ethnicites by population are:1)Pashtun2)Tajik3)HazaraTraditionally, Pashtuns have commanded the most power in Afganistan through the persecution of the Hazara people and other "inferior" ethnic groups.

Pashtun:-Descendants of Israelis-Religion:Sunni Muslim-Largest supporters and members of the Taliban-Nearly all rulers of Afghanistan have been Pashtun-Gained control of Afghanistan from imperial British powers in the 1950's

Political Evolution of Afghanistan

Shia vs Sunni Muslim

Both agree on the fundamentals of the Qur'an; however, they differ on the political aspects inferred by the book. They have different beliefs concerning who should or should have led the people, according to the Qur'an.

THE AUTHOR:Khaled Hosseini

Political Context of the Novel:-Zahir Shah rules a monarchy in Afghanistan-Daoud Khan seizes power and declares Afghanistan a "Republic"-Pro-Soviet coup overthrows Daoud-Mujahideen groups(Afghanis) fight Soviet forcesAll developments involved more bloodshed and mindless killing than actual progress towards a politically stable country.

Biography

His Life:-Born in Kabul(1965)-Homeland experienced bloody communist coup and the invasion of the Soviet Army(1980)In the same year, his family sought and was granted asylum in the United States.

Parallels to Amir in the Novel:-Born in Kabul, Afghanistan-Fled to America-Moved to San Jose,California-Did not return to Afghanistan till later in life(38 years old)-Feels guilt for leaving his country in such a stateHossenini truly felt "like a tourist in his own country".


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