Adolescent Obesity

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by elizabethdearmas
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Adolescent Obesity

Adolescent Obesity

Did you know? * Adolescent obesity has quadrupled in the last 30 years. * Obese adolescents are likely to be obese adults and therefore at risk for heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancers, and osteoarthritis. * Obese adolescents are more likely to have pre-diabetes, joint problems, sleep apnea, psychological problems, and social problems. * Risk factors for heart disease are already being seen in obese adolescents. * In 1980, 5% of adolescents were obese. In 2012, 21% of adolescents were obese.

Reinforcing Factors: * Parents and teachers emphasizing the importance of physical activity. * Ample amount of time for recess. * Encouragement from teachers and parents. * Incentives from teachers such as free homework passes. * Athlete of the week at school.* Incentives from parents such as not having to do chores.

INPUTS* Celebrities* Professional Athletes * Psychologists* Certified Personal Trainers * Teachers* Family Members* Friends * Posters * Time * Budget * Intervention Sites

OUTPUTSWhat we do: * Support groups * Education * Exercise * Field Days * Weigh-Ins * Incentives Who we reach: * Obese adolescents (ages 12 to 18) in public middle schools and public high schools within Center City Philadelphia.

OUTCOMESShort Term: * Raise awareness among obese adolescents in Center City Philadelphia public middle schools and high schools about the importance of exercise. Medium Term* Increase the number of obese adolescents in Center City Philadelphia public middle schools and high schools who exercise during recess and afterschool from 25% to 50% in 10 months. Long Term: * By 2017, obesity rates in Center City Philadelphia public middle schools and high schools will decrease by greater than or equal to 10%.

ATTITUDE* Support Groups * Success stories from young adults who were obese as adolescents. * Indoor exercises * Exercise is for everyone!

SUBJECTIVE NORM• Presentations about the importance of exercising given by professional athletes and celebrities.* Support from family, teachers, and friends.

PERCEIVED BEHAVIORAL CONTROL* Adolescents can pick the days and times they decide to participate in the intervention. * The intervention is held at school so no additional time or effort is wasted.

BEHAVIORObese adolescents will become physically active, and enjoy exercising.

Enabling Factors: * Enough time for physical activity. * Access to sports equipment. * Home within close proximity to a park.* Money for extracurricular activities.* Living in a safe neighborhood.

Predisposing Factors:* How much they like physical activity. * Their feelings about sweating. * Their feelings about needing to lose weight. * Their feelings about being good athletes.

Theory of Planned Behavior

BEHAVIORAL INTENTION* Free Personal Trainers* Field Days * Weigh-Ins [Rewarded with movie tickets, gift cards, homework passes and extra credit points when goal weight is lost.] * Athlete of the Week

PROCESSIdentify all obese adolescents in Center City public middle schools and high schools who do not get the adequate amount of physical activity, and educate them about the importance of exercise within 12 months.

IMPACT Increase the percentage of obese adolescents in Center City Philadelphia public middle schools and high schools who partake in physical activities during recess and afterschool from 25% to 50% in 10 months.

OUTCOMEBy 2017, obesity rates among adolescents in Center City Philadelphia public middle schools and high schools will decrease by greater than or equal to 10%.

Intervention Objectives


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