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by salemsmommy
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies

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Physical Development

Cognitive Development


Language Development


Adolescence can be a very awkward stage because of so many bodily changes, emerging feelings of sexuality that can lead to self-consciouness.

There is continual height growth espcially in boys., girls height increases slower. Body changes are also continual and associate with puberty. Girls have periods, boys devleop facial hair and voice changes. New interests are developed in individual sports; girls gain imporvements in agility and speed while boys show an increase in strength and endurance ( Marotz & Allen, 2013).

Language is very articulate and is able to express ideas and thoughts. Communication highly consists of emials, and cell phone text or calls.

Can understand the difference and definition of metaphors, and sarcasm when being used in a conversation. Can adjust language styles according to situations such as conversating with a teacher, using slang with friends, or conversing in a professional environment ( Marotz & Allen).

New studies have shown that brain development does not stop by the time children reach teen years. brain images show thatstructural changes and formation of neural connections continue up until early twenties ( Marotz & Allen).

Throughout teenage years, and gradually, adolescents gain several cognitve skills such as speed of thinking, attention, memory, planning, and the capacity to integrate information ( Berk, 2013; pg 190).

Adolescents develop a sense of egocentrism known as adult egocentrism. This is wherethey percieve themselves as being unique, and socially significant than they really are (Berger, 2008).

Provide privacy and respect for their time needed alone. Support new or current interests and offer to help promote social gatherings with friends and other youth. Offer supportive advice to help prepare teens for future difficult situations they may face.

ReferenceBerger, K. S. ( 2008). The Developing Person- Through the lifespan ( 7th ed). Worth PublishersBerk, L. ( 2013). Child development. (9th ed). Pearson EducationMarotz, L.R. & Allen, K.E. ( 2013). Developmental profiles pre-birth through adolescence. (7th Ed.). Belmont, CA. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning

Atypical DevelopmentDoes not keep friends or mostly prefers to be alone, is not included with peers. Does not maintain good wellness, personal hygiene, school work, or is showing signs of depression. Does not understand or grasp humor or jokes during a conversation ( Marotz & Allen).

Children who were better at delay of gratification showed better at aplying metacognitive skills to their behavior in inhibiting inpulsive respondong as adolescents ( Berk, 2013). Higher scores were also seen on kids who were better able ot show self-control when they were younger ( Berk, 2013).


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