Adolescence: Ages 11-18

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by Chelsea38
Last updated 5 years ago

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Adolescence: Ages 11-18

Adolescence: Ages 11-18

AtypicalSome moodiness is typical for this period of development. However, if your child becomes overly aggressive, shows signs of severe depression, lacks interest in socializing-even with family members-there could be cause for concern. If your adolscent is unwilling to share things of interest with others or is exhibiting difficulty with speech, language, writing, and nonverbal skills, these might be signals of atyical development.

CognitiveAdolescents will begin to reason more abstractly, and use propositional thought. They also will improve their strategies used for making decisions. Boys and girls will begin to think more about themselves, which is a sense of self-consciousness and self-focusing. They can form better, lasting relationships due to their ability to see the strengths and weaknesses in others.

LanguageBy this stage, boys and girls should be using complex sentences when speaking and in writing. They should be understanding and using proper rules of grammar, as well as grasping the concept of figurative language. Adolescents should also have adequate social language skills.

PhysicalIt is during this period of development that boys and girls will go through puberty. There are primary sexual characteristics, which involve the reproductive organs, and secondary sexual characteristics, which are characteristics that appeal on the outside of the body. For girls this includes breast development, and both sexes will start to develop underarm and pubic hair. During this period, both sexes will also reach peaks in height, strength, and weight.

Influencing Healthy DevelopmentAdolescents can be tricky at times, or hard to read. Their moodiness may make it more difficult to get them to talk to you. Some ways to help influence healthy development is to be honest and direct with your teen when talking about sensitive subjects such as drugs, drinking, smoking, and sex. Take and show interest in your child's social and school life. You should be encouraging your child to make their own decisions, while providing a solid model for healthy decision making. It is important to respect your child's decisions and opinions. Set clear intentions and expectations for behaviors that will help your children meet their goals.


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