Adaptation and survival

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by kellymarshall21
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Biology

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Adaptation and survival

Adaption & Survival

Behavoral Adaptions

Adaptions

Adaptions are changes to an animal's behavior or body that help it survive. Changes to the behavior are called behavioral adaptions ( migration & hibernation ). Changes to an animals body are called structural adaptions ( camouflage & mimicry)

Structural Adaptions

Structural adaptions are Changes to the body that help the animal survive.the two different kinds are camoflage & mimicry. Artic foxes use their white fur to camoflage (to hide in their surroundings). Snapping turtles have some flesh on their neck that look like worms to lure their prey near them, fish. Harmless snakes sometimes copy other harmful snakes so the predador doesn't go after it. The same thing with the monarch butterfly. Its poisonus so the vicroybutterfly, who copies it, won't get attacked. Another example is the bumble bee. It is copied by the harmless robber fly. This is called mimicry. Ducks grew webbed feet so they could swim better in the water & they could hunt better. Sharks, developed a great sense of smell, & 2 rows of teeth. Now it's an apex predator! And the turtle, as you may know, has a very hard shell. to protect it.

Plants behaveral Adaptions

Behavioral adaptions are changes to behavior that help an animal survive better. Dessert animals are almost allways nocternal (active at night) because it`s very hot during the day, and some times the animals can hunt better, so they can hunt without overheating themselves. Some animals migrate (move to an other location for winter). Birds do it like geese. This also may have to do with the amount of food up here during winter (not a lot). Monarch butterflys migrate to Mexico for winter & then in spring they wake up and go home. They do this because they can`t survive the cold weather up here. Alas fish also migrate. They go to warmer waters for winter have their young & travel back in summer. Many animals hibernate (sleep duing winter). Bats do it again. It's problably because of the amount of food here during winter. Snakes, turtles, and frogs do it because they are cold blooded. They can withstand it. They just can`t move around that much. One more thing. Some animals don`t fit in these catagoreis and here they are travel in groups for a few reasons. Fish do it to protect themselves by making themsevles as likely to get eaten as 1 out of 350 or something like that. Wloves on the other hand do it to hunt larger animals they couldn`t hunt for themselves.

Plants stucteral Adaptions

Not only do animals have behavioral & structural adaptions, plants have them too. Cactuses have a waxy layer. It is also very thick. This helps it keep the water in, because it lives in the dessert.Orchids live in the rain forest. Their roots take in water from the air, and so do their leaf tips.this alows them to cling to trees so they can get a tiny bit of sunlight Milkweed is poisonous so animals don`t eat it. This prevents the plant from being eaten.

Plants have behavioral adaptions. These are some examples. Oak trees lose their leaves in fall and shut down in winter. If they didn`t do this the water the trees collected during the spring and summer would seep out of the leaves, and all the water is frozen so it can`t get water, and that is why the oak tree does that. Water lillies have the stomata (little holes that absorb CO2 for photosynthasis) on the top of their leaves since they can`t get CO2 from water. They also have little air bubbles that help it float on water.


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