Acadia National Park

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by KarenStanfield
Last updated 7 years ago

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Acadia National Park

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Acadia Cam!

Spring can be very foggy with temperatures ranging between 30 and 70 degrees. Blackflies and mosquitoes are common. Long sleeve shirts and long pants are recommended for protection from insects. Annual rainfall is four feet.

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Winter conditions change rapidly, and snow is frequent, due to Acadia's coastal location. Temperatures vary from the mid-30s to well below zero, and Acadia averages about 60" of snow each winter.

Summer daytime temperatures may range from 45 to 90 degrees, while evenings may be considerably cooler. Layered dressing is recommended for any outdoor strenuous activities. Ocean water temperatures may range from 50 to 60 degrees, while lake water temperatures can range from 55 to 70 degrees.

Acadia National Park

Fall temperatures can range from the low 70s during daylight hours to freezing at nighttime. Snow is possible. Autumn foliage often peaks during the first few weeks of October, although the amount of moisture during the summer months can affect foliage timing.

Natural HistoryIn Acafia National Park the deciduous and marine biomes exist side by side.Climate ranges in each season. Some Wildlife at Acadia is home to many different bird species. With a record of 338 bird species encountered, Acadia National Park is considered one of the premier bird-watching areas in the country. Twenty-three species of warblers alone have been recorded as breeding in the park. There are also bats, bears, rabitts, raccoons, fish, deer, and moose as well.

Under the protection of the National Park Service and the US Department of the Interior

Threats to the AreaAir pollution and the spread of non-native plants and animals are among the most serious threats to Acadia National Park. Non-native species, especially those considered invasive, threaten rich communities of native plants and animals across the United States.In national parks, such as Acadia, more than 2.6 million acres of park lands are affected by invasive plant species, and 234 NationalPark Service areas have invasive animals in need of management.

Geological OriginsRidges of granite were sculpted by glaciers measuring up to 9,000 feet thick, create the landscape of Acadia that we see today. Evidence of the glaciers can be seen just about everywhere: broad U-shaped valleys hold lakes, glacial erratics dot the landscape, as do glacial erosional scars like chatter marks, striations, glacial polish, potholes, and kettle ponds.

EcosystemAcafia National Park has marshes, lakes, ponds, swamps, and also touches the coast of the atlantic ocean. There are also serveral mountains and forests. Three endangered species in Acadia National Park are the bald eagle, the gray wolf, and the peregrine falcon.

Important CharacteristicsAcadia National Park is located on Maine's Mount Desert Island along the rugged and beautiful northern New England coast known as Downeast. Although the year-round population of the Island is only about 9600, the number of people on the Island nearly triples in the warmer months due to part-time residents and tourists arriving. With over forty miles of rocky shoreline, Acadia National Park possesses a very rich intertidal flora and fauna. Twice daily, the nutrient-rich marine waters cover these plants and animals.

Effects on Human HistoryThe Wabanaki Native American families traveled to Acadia National Park in birchbark canoes seasonally to hunt, fish, and harvest the land’s abundant resources as early as 5,000 years ago. Acadia National Park is now a popular vacationing spot for many families with opportunities for hiking, biking, camping and other such family activities.

Fun Fact:Acadia is the oldest American National Park east of the Mississippi River and the very first where the land was donated to the federal government.



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