Abraham Lincoln

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by mmcclin1
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies
Grade:
10,11,12

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Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 to Thomas and Nancy Lincoln. He had an older sister and a younger brother (who died at an early age). After a land dispute forced his family to move, his mother got sick and died when Abraham was 9 years old. Soon after this he received formal education which paved the way for his future career as a lawyer. He was elected to the Illinois State Legislature in 1834 as a member of the Whig party. After a tumultuous dating relationship, Abraham and Mary Todd were married in 1842. In 1844, Abraham Lincoln started his own lawfirm along with William Herndon as his partner. Although he enjoyed the law work, he ran for and was elected for a place in the US House of Representatives. He served one term from 1847 to 1849. Although Lincoln had previously been elected as a member of the Whig Party; he was the lone party representative in Congress and decided to join the Republican Party instead. In 1858 he ran against Stephen Douglas for a seat in the US Senate. Although Lincoln lost his popularity soared and led to him running for the office of the President of the United States in 1960. This time Lincoln defeated Douglas and was elected the 16th President of the United States. Soon after Lincoln was elected, many of the southern states seceeded from the Union. These actions were the beginning steps towards a Civil War. Abraham Lincoln wanted, more than anything, for the Union to remain together despite its differences. The Civil War raged on, spanning four years, and included many famous battles and speeches. On January 1, 1963 the future of America changed with the declaration of the Emancipation Proclamation that freed all slaves in southern states. Slowly the North defeated the Confederacy until on April 9, 1965 a surrender treaty was signed by the Southern states. A mere 5 days later, while attending a play at Ford's Theatre, Abraham Lincoln was shot and later died on April 15, 1965.

Accomplishments

16th President of the United StatesSigned the Emancipation Proclamation that freed all slaves in the SouthWas assassinated by John Wilkes Booth on April 15, 1965

Famous Quote

"Four score and seven years ago...government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."- Abraham Lincoln at the Gettysburg Address

Citations

Abraham Lincoln. (n.d.). The White House. Retrieved April 24, 2014, from http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/abrahamlincolnBoritt, G., Lincoln." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004., Abraham." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005., Abraham." UXL Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2003., Abraham." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. 2013., Abraham." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. 2008., et al. (2002, January 1). Lincoln, Abraham. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Abraham_Lincoln.aspxAbraham Lincoln. (n.d.). The White House. Retrieved April 24, 2014, from http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/abrahamlincolnAbraham Lincoln. (n.d.). Bio.com. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/abraham-lincoln-9382540#synopsis&awesm=~oCuWf611gVqVvThe Gettysburg Address. (n.d.). History.com. Retrieved April 24, 2014, from http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/gettysburg-address

Abraham Lincoln

Biography

Timeline

Civil War

1809- Born in Hodgenville, KY1834- Elected to Illinois House of Representatives1842- Married Mary Todd1847- Elected to U.S. House of Representatives1858- Gave "House Divided" speech, selected as candidate for Republican Senate seat1860- Elected as President of the United States1863- Issued the Emancipation Proclamation that freed all slaves in the Confederacy1863- Gave famous Gettysburg Address1864- Won re-election for President of the United States1865- Confederacy surrenders, effectively ending the Civil WarApril 1865- Abraham Lincoln was Assassinated


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