Abraham Lincoln

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by MrHastings2
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies
Grade:
10

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Abraham Lincoln

Growing UpAbraham Lincoln came from humble beginnings. He was born in a single-room log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky. His parents were Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. His father lost everything when Abraham was young and they had to move to Perry County, Indiana where they struggled to get by. When he was just nine years old, his mother died and his sister Sarah took care of him until his father remarried.Abraham had very little formal education, but had a strong interest in books and learning. Most of what he learned was self-educated and from books he borrowed. His family later moved to Illinois where Lincoln would set out on his own.As a young man, Lincoln worked a variety of jobs including shopkeeper, surveyor, and postmaster. For a time, he even split firewood with an axe for a living. He soon moved into politics and won a seat in the Illinois Legislature when he was 25.Before He Became PresidentLincoln served on the Illinois State Legislature for several terms. During that time he studied the law and began to work as a lawyer. He ran for the U.S. Congress in 1845. He won the election and served as a congressman for one term. After serving as congressman he continued to work as a lawyer. Later, Lincoln ran for the U.S. Senate, he did not win but he did gain national recognition for his arguments against slavery during the debates.In 1860, Lincoln ran for President of the United States. He was a member of the fairly new Republican party which strongly opposed allowing any of the southern states to secede (leave the country). The republicans were also against slavery. They said they would allow for slavery to continue in the southern states, but that it would not be allowed to spread to new U.S. states or territories.Abraham Lincoln PresidencyLincoln won the 1860 election and was inaugurated as president in March of 1861. The southern states did not want Lincoln to be president. They did not agree with his policies. Before he was officially in office, they began to secede (leave the country). The first state to leave was South Carolina, but soon six more states followed and together they formed a new country called the Confederacy. This all happened after Lincoln won the election, but before he took the oath of office.The Civil WarThe Civil War began on April 12, 1861 at Fort Sumter in South Carolina just a month after Lincoln took office. Lincoln was determined to maintain the "Union" of the states. He called for an army from the northern states to defeat the south. What followed was a bloody war that lasted four years and cost the lives of 600,000 Americans. Lincoln faced all sorts of opposition during the war, but managed to hold the country together.The Emancipation ProclamationOn January 1, 1863 Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. This was an order that freed the slaves in the Confederate States. Although not all the slaves were immediately set free, it paved the way for the 13th Amendment which would free all slaves in the United States a few years later.Gettysburg AddressToday, Lincoln is often remembered for a short speech he gave at Gettysburg on November 1, 1863. It's called the Gettysburg Address. It was only a few minutes long, but is considered one of the great speeches in American history.The Civil War EndsThe Civil War finally ended on April 9, 1865 when General Robert E. Lee surrendered at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Lincoln wanted the country to heal, forgive, and rebuild. He wanted to be generous to the southern states in helping them during the reconstruction. Unfortunately, he would not live to see the country rebuild.How did he die?President Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth while attending a play at the Ford Theatre in Washington D.C. He died the next day on April 15, 1865.

Accomplishments

1809 - February 12, Abraham Lincoln (no middle name) is born in Hardin County Kentucky.1812 - Abraham's younger brother Thomas dies.1817 - The Lincoln family moves to Perry County Indiana1818 - October 5 – Abrahams mother Nancy dies 1819 – Abraham's father Thomas marries again to Sarah Bush Johnson.1830 - The Lincolns move to Illinois and Abraham makes his first political speech about navigation improvements on the Sangamon River.1831 - Abraham is working as a clerk in a store in New Salem, Illinois. It is here he is believed to have earned the title of 'Honest Abe".1832 - Abraham becomes a candidate for the Illinois General Assembly (which he loses), enlists for the Black Hawk War, and joins in a partnership with William Berry on a store in New Salem.1834 - Abraham is elected to the Illinois General Assembly and also begins his law career. He also meets Anne Rutledge who dies the following year.1835 - Anne dies. Abraham becomes leader of the Whig Party1837 - Abraham moves to Springfield where he continues practicing law.1840 - Abraham proposes marriage to Mary Todd and presents his first case to the Supreme Court in Illinois.1841 - Engagement to Mary broken off and a new law partnership started with Stephen T. Logan1842 - Nov 4 Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd are married.1843 - The Birth of Abraham's first son Robert on Aug 1.1844 - Partnership with Logan dissolved1846 - Edward Baker Lincoln born March 10. Abraham is elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.1849 - Abraham quits politics1850 -Edward dies1851 - 'Tad' is born1857 - June 26. Abraham makes a speech against the Dred Scott decision that ruled he must remain a slave.1860 - Abraham Lincoln is nominated as the Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency and wins the election.1861 - March 4, Abraham delivers his first inaugural address.1861 - April 12, The Civil War begins after the attack on Fort Sumter1862 - Emancipation announced in September1863 - Jan 1, Emancipation Proclaimed.1863 - Nov 19, Gettysburg address1863 - Dec 9, Pardon to rebels1864 - Abraham Lincoln is re-elected as President1865 - Second inauguration, March 4.1865 - April 11, Abraham delivers his final speech1865 - April 14, Abraham is shot at the Ford Theater by John Wilkes Booth1865 - April 15, around 7:15 am President Abraham Lincoln dies

Abraham Lincoln is regarded as one of America's greatest heroes due to both his incredible impact on the nation and his unique appeal. His is a remarkable story of the rise from humble beginnings to achieve the highest office in the land; then, a sudden and tragic death at a time when his country needed him most to complete the great task remaining before the nation. Lincoln's distinctively human and humane personality and historical role as savior of the Union and emancipator of the slaves creates a legacy that endures. His eloquence of democracy and his insistence that the Union was worth saving embody the ideals of self-government that all nations strive to achieve.

Lasting Impact

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. He preserved the Union during the U.S. Civil War and brought about the emancipation of slaves.

Resources

http://www.abrahamlincolns.com/abraham-timeline.phphttp://www.biography.com/people/abraham-lincoln-9382540#synopsishttp://www.ducksters.com/biography/uspresidents/abrahamlincoln.phphttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L80_q2tPveohttps://archive.org/details/gettysburg_johng_librivoxhttp://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/abraham-lincoln

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