Abd Al Rahman I

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Abd Al Rahman I


Video of his history

Abd Al Rahman I

He was born near Damascus, in Syria, in the year 731.

Abd Al Rahman I was a grandson of Hisham ibn Abd to the-Malik, son of the prince Omeya (Hisham ibn Mu'awiyah) and a concubine Berber.

Where he was born?

His family

He was twenty years old, when his family, were defeated by a revolt known as the Abbasid Revolution, in the year 750. Abd al-Rahman and a small selection of his family escaped of Damascus. Abbasid agents sought to Abd al-Rahman and his family, while theywere hiding in a small village. He left his young son with his sisters and fled with Yahiya. On the way south, they found with horsemen, to try to flee, Abd al-Rahman separated from his brother Yahiya, because who began swimming back towards the horsemen, from fear of drowning. Yahiya returned to the near shore, and was quickly assassinated by the horsemen. Abd al-Rahman continued south through Palestine, the Sinai, and then into Egypt. He intended to go as northwestern Africa (Maghreb), the land of his mother. The journey across Egypt was dangerous, because had been conquered by the Umayyad. At that time, the governor of Ifriqiya was a former Umayyad client. The governor broke with the Abbasids and invited Abd al Rahman to take refuge in his dominions.


Al Andalus

In 755 he arrived north Africa, near Ceuta. Some berber tribes joined to he, to cross the mediterranean sea. Abd al Rahman arrived in Almuñecar, in September of the same year. Some of the events that he were conducted:- He defeated to the abbasid governor and proclaimed himself emir of Al Andalus. - In the year 763 he fought against an abbasid army which had invaded Al Andalus and finally was defeated. - In the year 784 he ordered the construction of a mosque in Cordoba, in that place there was a Christian Church, and bought the building. The new mosque was close to the palace of the emir and has 856 columns, and was reformed by Abd al Rahman II who ordered enlarge and enriched the building and al Mansur was who finally enlarged the building.


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