A Divided Nation

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by BrookeValenzuela
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
African-American History

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A Divided Nation

Compromise of 1850:Let California be a free state and divided the Mexico Cession in to two territories (Utah & New Mexico). Texas gave up its claim. Slave trade was outlawed.

Lincoln-Douglas Debate:1858Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas were debating because Lincoln said that democrats were trying to spread slavery across the nation. Douglas critizied Lincoln because he said that there shouldn't be half free and half slave states.

Kansas-Nebraska Act:The Kansas-Nebraska Act divided the Louisiana Purchase into two territories. It eliminated the Missouri Compromise restriction on slavery. Northerner citizens attended protest meetings and sent anti-Nebraska petitions to Congress.

Dred Scott Decision:The Supreme Court issued a ruling about slavery and reviewed a complex case involving an enslaved man named Dred Scott. Dred Scott wanted to become a free man.

Election of 1860:Americans were getting ready to elect a new president. During the presidential election there was a new political party emerging called the Constitutional Union Party. The political party said "no political principals other than the Constitutuion of the country, the Union of the states, and the enforcement of the laws."

Divided NationThe reason why the tittle of this section of history is called a divided nation is because people across the nation were disputing on whether to allow slavery or not in different parts of the U.S.

The South Secedes:Lincoln didn't want to change slavery in the south and also said that slavery shouldn't spread out even more. People in South thaught that their economy would be destroyed because they wouldn't have slave labor. So the delegates came up with the secession which would withdraw the Union.

Anti-Slavery Literature:Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote a book called "Uncle Tom's Cabin" which was a book talking about how slavery was evil. People in the South sparked with outrage.

Fugitive Slave Act:The Fugitive Slave Act made it a crime for people to help runaway slaves and arrest slaves in free states. Slaves can not testify if enslaved African Americans were accused of being fugitives.







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