A Divided Nation

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by BrookeValenzuela
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
African-American History

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A Divided Nation

A Divided Nation

Some people might be wondering why the nation was divided. The nation was divided because people had different views of slavery. Not only that, but who supported which side and an election result.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act divided the remainder of the Lousiana Purchase into two territories-Kansas & Nebraska-people were allowed to decide on the question of slavery. This caused many people to outrage in the North.

With this compromise where Califronia was able to enter the Union and the Mexican Cession was divided into two territories, Utah and New Mexico. This caused disputes about slave states and nonslave states.

Compromise of 1850

The Dred Scott happened when a slave moved to a free state. In 1846 there was a huge argument when Scott used for his freedom in the Missouri state courts, arguing that he had become free when he lived in free territory. Though many lower courts ruled in his favor, the Missouri Supreme Court overturned this ruling.

In this election, the people who ran were Stephen Douglas, John Bell, John C. Breckinridge, and Abraham Lincoln. The outcome of the election United States. It divided it because when Abraham Lincoln won, he did not campaign in the South region and didn't carry any southern states. This divided the Nation.

Lincoln said that he would not change slavery in the South but he did say that slavery would not expand because it would soon die out. This angered many southerns. They thought that without slavery their economy would be destroyed. So, the delegates advised secession saying that they had a right to leave the Union because they were unhappy with the government's opinion of slavery. Lincoln did however hoped that the southerns would come back.

Kansas-Nebraska Act


Dred Scott Decision

Election of 1860

The South Secedes

The Missouri Compromise settled the conflict that had arisen from Missouri's application for statehood. This compromise stated that 11 states were slave states and 11 were nonslave states. There was success in this compromise. Although, there will still strong disagreements between the North and South.

Missouri Compromise

"We shall lie down pleasantly dreaming that the people of Missouri are on the verge of close to making their state free; and we shall awake to the reality, instead, that the Supreme Court has made Illinois a slave state." -Abraham Lincoln



"Gentlemen of the Slave States... I accepte your challenge in... the causes of freedom. We will engage in competition for... Kansas, and God give the victory to the side which is stronger in numbers as it is in right.-William Henry Seward/Kansas-Nebraska Act

Picture of the Kansas Nebraska Act


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