A Divided Nation

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by BrookeValenzuela
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
African-American History

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A Divided Nation

This compromise included five rules that dealt with slavery. These laws included making California a free state, Texas had to give land to California to pay off their debt, stronger fugitive acts would be put in place, the slave trade would in the nations capital, and the popular vote would deterine whether the western states would be free or a slave state. This event led to the civil war because these acts were about slavery and slavery causes many conflicts.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act did three main things. These included dividing the Lousianna Purchase, eliminated the Missouri Compromise, and allowed the residents of the state to decide whether or not they agreed with salvery. This was the event that led up to 'Bleeding Kansas' in 1855-1861. This event led to the civil war because many people did not like this compromise and fighting would soon come from arguements.


This election was between Abraham Lincoln and Stephan Douglas. In the end, Abraham Lincoln won the election with 18 non-slave states on his side. What was different about this election was that Lincoln still won even though he didn't win the popular vote in any southern states. This lead to the civil war becuase at this time their were two sides and the south did not win which made them angry.

In 1846 a black slave named Dred Scott sued the Missouri State Court for his freedom. The Missouri State court ruled in Scott's favor but the Missouri Supreme Court overruled all and disaproved. His case reached the Supreme Court 11 years later. Since most judges were from the south, and were supporters of slavery, they ruled that since Scott was a slave and not a citizen, he could not sue the government. This led to the civil war because northerners would start rebellions for not approving Scott's case.

After Lincoln get elected without winning any of the popular votes in the south, the south got very angry. They got so angry that seven states fled or considered secession. Secession is when one state or states formally withdrawls from the union. The first state to leave was South Carolina in 1860. After South Carolina seceeded, six other states decided to leave also. These six other states included: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisianna, and Texas. These states became known as the "Confederate States of America" or also called "The Confederacy". This led to the civil war because the states seceded so there was no longer a formed union which led to fighting and war between the south and the north.






The Missouri Compromise was created by Henry Clay. This compromise had three main laws or conditions. They were: Missouri would enter the union as a slave state, Maine would join the union as a free state, and slavery would be prohibited in any new territories in the north. This led to the civil war because litttle did the government know, many rebellions would start from this compromise.

Kansas-Nebraska Act

The Missouri Compromise


Dred Scott Decision

This was a war between anti-slavery supporters and salvery supports for the ruling of Kansas. This got so violent that they started destroying each others cities. One attack happened on the town of Lawrence, an anti-slavery town. 800 pro-salvery men burnt the town, looted their buildings, and used presses to print pro-slavery flyers. This event led to the civil war because the fighting and arguing between the two caused nation worry and anger.

The South Secedes


Bleeding Kansas

A Divided Nation

"A Divided Nation" explained where the country did not agree so there were some states and people who agreed with things and other states and people that did not. The country was divided between the north and the south. To be more specific, the actual line between the two was north of Virginia, Missouri, and Kentucky. The line was south of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. The union was divided because of slavery. The south approved slavery while the north did not approve of slavery.




"I never did intend murder or treson, or the destruction of property, or to excite or incite the slaves to rebellion..."- John Brown


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