5 Essential Elements

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by Aprileliz
Last updated 8 years ago

Elementary School
Beginning Readers

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5 Essential Elements

1. Peer Reading-pair your student up (one lower, one higher) and have them read togehter. One reads first and the other reads the same passage afterward.2. Listening Centers- Allowing students to hear proper fluency while looking at the texts is a good tool for learning how they should sound.

1. Graphic Organizers are a great way to get students thinking about what they've read. It will help them practice retelling so they can better communicate what they comprehend.2. Have your students picture what they are reading.Comprehension rises for those who visualize. If they have trouble, ask them to draw a picture of what they just read.

5 Essential Elements

Armbruster, B., Lehr, F., & Osborn, J. (2003 June). Put Reading First: The Research Building Blocks of Reading Instruction. Retrieved from http:// nationalreadingpanel.org/publications/ researchread.htm

Phonemic Awareness






1. Use Guided Reading groups to address leveled vocabulary. You can scaffold and involve direct vocabulary instruction.2. Teach common prefixes and suffixes (Word parts). If students study that, they can figure out many words on their own.

1.Make it systematic and explicit. Teach your students specific things in a logical order. Having a letter of the day and an alphabet chart routine are good places to start.2. Involve what your students are learning in phonics to the reading of words and stories. If you're working on the "th" blend, look for books with a lot of that in the text.

1.Work with a lot of poems and songs that rhyme and rhyming games! These make fun activities for the kids that get them listening to the similar sounds2. Create lessons that focus on one part of phonemic awareness at a time. If you want your student to learn how to blend the "and" rime, have them work with magnetic alphabet rearranging for only that blend or one other. Don't give them a ton. Also, don't focus on blending and long vowels all at once

This is the "ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds in spoken words" (Armbruster, 2003, p.2).

Phonics is the relationship between graphemes and phonemes (Armbruster, 2003, 12).

Comprehension is what the story means and the reason we are reading it (Armbruster, 2003, p.48).

This is the "ability to read a text accurately and quickly" (Armbruster, 2003, p.22).

Vocabulary is the list of words that we know and can use to communicate (Armbruster, 2003, p.34).



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