5 Cloud Types

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by msantee
Last updated 6 years ago

Weather and Climate

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5 Cloud Types

Lenticular Clouds They are stationary lens-shaped clouds that form in the troposphere normally in perpendicular alignment to the wind direction. They wind blows these stationed clouds to form the wonderful Lenticular clouds. These clouds can bring thunderstorms and snow storms. But don’t let them fool you all pilots avoid them because of the terrible turbulence that can bring the plane down hard.

Mammatus CloudsThese are clouds that don’t bring precipitation. Mammatus, also known as mammatocumulus which is a meteorological term applied to a cellular pattern of pouches hanging underneath the base of a cloud. They usually are composed of ice, but also can be a mixture of ice and liquid water or be composed of almost entirely liquid water. They are formed by the water in the cloud weighting it down to form the cloud finally.

Morning Glory CloudsThey are roll clouds that can be up to 620 miles long and 1.24 miles high, and often only 330 to 660 ft above the ground. The cloud often travels at the rate of 10 to 20 meters per second. Sometimes there is only one cloud, sometimes there are up to ten consecutive roll clouds. These clouds only form during late September thru early November and they don’t bring precipitation.

Shelf CloudsThey are a low, horizontal, wedge-shaped. It forms as the lower cooler air lifts the warm moist air, its water condenses, creating a cloud which often rolls with the different winds above and below. These clouds can bring thunderstorms and bad ones at that by them just forming.

Polar Stratospheric Clouds Even though these clouds don’t bring Precipitation they are a rare sight to see. These clouds only form during extreme cold and polar winter. They form by moisture getting into the stratospheric when it is -108˚F or below. They are light clouds that is why the sun shines thru them and the light catches the water to make the rainbow effect. These are one of the rarest clouds to be seen.

5 Cloud TypesBy: Mikayla Santee


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