429.Article Review.SHM

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429.Article Review.SHM

The purpose of the article is to describe an observational tool for standards-based authentic assessment. Focused anecdotal records assessment (ARA) is a collection of techniques for recording, maintaining, and analyzing observational records.

ECED 429Shannon McKenzie

Research-based Literacy Assessment Article

Focused anecdotal records assessment: A tool for standards-based, authentic assessmentBy: Paul Boyd-Batstone

CLASSROOM IMPLICATIONS:ARA helps teachers to systematize observations by:Learning how to incorporate observations into a teacher’s daily routineChoosing a standard and a student to observe ahead of time to focus the observationTracking the standard(s) associated with one or more observationCoding running records with abbreviations to save time and provide accurate observational informationAnalyzing information about the learner to reveal patterns of learning over timePlanning next steps for the learner

REFLECTIONI have used anecdotal recording techniques for years at in my classroom with variying degrees of success. I really enjoyed this article because there were great ideas on how to focus my observations on specific lesson plans or objectives. I tend to be an informal anecdotal observational teacher, but the ARA form would be useful to improve my informal observational notes into a more formal account. I will definitely use the suggestions this article to improve my techniques. I am hoping that these new techniques will help me utilize observation data for parent-teacher conferences and conversations with colleagues.



The components of this Anecdotal Records Assessment system are:Content Standards Key: Used to record the focus for the observationAbbreviation Code Key: Used to keep observation records conciseAddress Labels: Used for recording during observation ARA Form with System Code: Space for 8 observations per student (Each observation is recorded on an address label with the proper coding and transferred to an ARA form)Summary of Records analyzed in terms of strengths and needs Recommendations for Next Steps Accommodations for Special Needs




Research Says….• Rhodes and Nathenson-Mejia (1992) identified anecdotal records as a powerful tool for literacy assessment. • Miller-Power (1996) argued that systematic, daily recording of children’s actions was essential to generate focused instructional planning. • In the current U.S. educational environment, standards-based measures dominate assessment (Johnston & Rogers, 2002). • Observational notes as a technique for recording a child’s natural literacy experiences emerged from qualitative research (Emerson, Fretz, & Shaw, 1995; Guba & Lincoln, 1982; Lofland, 1971; Patton, 1990). • Applying observational techniques for classroom-based, ongoing assessment has been called a variety of names such as alternative, informal, or authentic assessment (Cole, Ryan, & Kick, 1995; Reutzel & Cooter, 2004; Tierney, 1999). • These notes are used to record objective and subjective information as well as affective information, such as levels of engagement, curiosity, and motivational factors (Baker, Dreher, & Guthrie, 2000; Wigfield, 1997).• Taking observational notes allows the teacher to record a wide range of authentic experiences and even unintended outcomes of literacy development. • Focused ARA is a tool to work common ground across authentic and standardized assessment.







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