4 cornerstones

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4 cornerstones

7.16 Write a personal narrative that has a clearly defined focus and communicates the importance of or reasons for actions and/or consequences

Davie's 4 Cornerstones

Griselda Balderrama, Jose Enriquez, Apolonio Gutierrez, Marilynn StandridgeCUR/530Dr. Clara Peoples-Taylor



Formative Classroom Assessment

Formative assessments lead to greater success for students. Gains in achievement for students is considerable.Example: Students are asked to write their introduction paragraph, and have a peer evaluate their work using a rubric.Students then review peer comments and reflect.

Summative evaluation is necessary as evidence of learning. It is important to point out that the teacher's judgments are more valid and reliable than results from an external test. The teacher knows students' strengths and weaknesses, and scores based on long-term knowledge, rather than a snapshot from an outside test.Example: Students complete the personal narrative and teacher uses a rubric to determine the mastery of the standard.

When students are involved in the assessment prcoess, they develop a sense of ownership to their learning. When teachers emphasize learning and performance, students are more motivated to challenge and expand their learning. Example: Teacher conferences with student and points out positive areas of their personal narrative, rather than focus on the negative. "You're introduction is strong."

Two types of feedback:• specific, descriptive-used during and after the learning process, formative, student work compared to criteria, rubrics, etc. Better for students to understand. Example: "Great introduction paragraph, now add more details."• evaluative-used at the end of the learning process, summative, tells students how they performed compared to others, communicated using a grade. Does not provide enough information for students. Example: Student gets a D on the personal narrative without specific feedback.


Quality Feedback for Learning


Quality Feedback for Learning



Summative Evaluation of Student Evidence



Reference:Reeves, D. (207) Ahead of the curve: the power of assessment to transform teaching and learning. Bloomington, IN: Solution Press


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