30 years of war

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by brycekorabik
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Social Studies
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30 years of war

30 YEARS OF WARBy Bryce Korabik

RED RIVER WAR (1874-1875)This war was the last major conflict between the U.S. and the Southern Plains Indians. There were more than 14 battles that occurred across the Texas Panhandle region. William T. Sherman led the American soldiers in battle against the Arapaho, Comanche, Cheyenne and Kiowa tribes, who eventually surrendered. All of the chiefs were either killed or taken as prisoners of war. The Red River War spelled the end of a culture and the extinction of an entire ecosystem.

Ghost Dance War (1890-1891)An armed conflict between the U.S. government and Native Americans that resulted from a religious movement called the Ghost Dance. the Ghost Dance was performed by Native American leaders, this was a spiritual dance that gave them the power to talk to the dead. this frightened many of the white settlers. The U.S. was lead by James Forsyth and the Native Americans were lead by Sitting Bull and kicking Bear. There were several battles that took place throughout South Dakota, the most famous being Wounded Knee Massacre. In the end the U.S. is victorious.

Battle of Little Bighorn (June 25-26, 1876)Also known as Custer's last stand, a battle fought between George Custer and the 7th cavalry and the combined forces of the Lakota and Cheyenne tribes the two main leaders were Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. This battle occurred near the little bighorn River in Eastern Montana. Custer and his men underestimated the Native Americans before the battle occurred. Custer and his men were surrounded and within a few hours they were destroyed. This was a remarkable victory for the Native Americans and a was one of the most famous battles. This battle changed to mood of Americans against the Native Americans and the U.S. army responded by increasing the number of troops in the area.

Fetterman Massacre (December 21, 1866)This was a battle during Red Cloud's War on December 21, 1866, between the Lakota, Cheyenne, and Arapaho Indians and soldiers of the United States army. Fetterman's men were outnumber and ambushed by a trap the Native Americans had set, they were lead by Crazy Horse. The Native Americans suffered heavy losses because of their lack of advanced weapons. All 81 men under the command of Captain William J. Fetterman were killed by the Indians. It was, at the time, the worst military disaster ever suffered by the U.S. on the Great Plains. The battle led to an Indian victory and the withdrawal of the United States from the war. this battle occurred 4 miles from fort Phil Kearny, which is near Banner, Wyoming.

Wounded Knee Massacre (December 29, 1890)James Forsyth and his men (the 7th Cavalry ) had captured a Native American camp. As the U.S. soldiers were disarming them a deaf tribes man was reluctant when giving away his rifle, a scuffle occurred and a shot went off. The 7th cavalry open fired on everyone killing men, women, and children. The tribe leader Big Foot was killed in the shooting. This battle occurred at Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota. After the shooting the military hired civilians to bury the dead in a mass grave. There was some speculation weather Forsyth deliberate massacred the Native Americans or if it was a tragedy caused by poor decisions.

Black Hills War(1876–1877)As gold was discovered in the Black Hills in southwestern South Dakota and northeastern Wyoming, settlers began to encroach onto Native American lands. The Lakota under Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse fought the U.S. after repeated violations of the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie. During the course of the war series of battles and negotiations which occurred involving the Lakota Sioux and Northern Cheyenne against the U.S.. The U.S. wins the war and the remaining Native Americans are shipped to Indian territories.


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