20th Century

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by RMS777
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
World History

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20th Century

People contributed to discoveries and accomplishments:1.Dr.WIlliam Devries- Implanted first artificial heart.2.Dr.Paul Dudley White-First Cardiologist and first to explore EKG3. Sir Alexander Fleming - Discovered Penicllin vaccine.4.Paul Zoll- Developes first cardiac pacemaker to control irregular heartbeat,5. Joseph E. Murray- Organ transplant.

Accomplishments1. Organ Transplants2. Limbs reattached3. Test tube babies4. Amniocentesis5. Implanted first artificial heart

Discoveries1. Insulin for Diabetes2. Antibiotics to fight off infections3. Vaccines to prevent viruses (pertussis,tuberculosis,influenza)4. CAT Scan5. ABO Groups

Medical beliefs of the 20th century 1).scientific rasism- the belief that all races were composed diffrently. The last traces of this belief ended in the begining of the 20th century2).experimental bias- durnig the begining of this century blind studies became popular helping to end the bias of some scientest which based their experents and studies on their own ideas and beliefs.3).Female hysteria- this was the belief that women that went to work and did anything that was "abnormal" for women in the early 1900s they were branded with the "disease". 4).during the 20th century people became less religious and they begain seeking medical solutions for spiritual and psycolagical problems.

Health care worker1.Antonio Egas Moniz, worked on mental patients by cutting the connections to and from the prefrontal cortex, the anterior part of the frontal lobes of the brain, this treatment is called lobotomy.2.The first effective polio vaccine was developed by Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin. The first vacconation of children against polio began in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1954. Through mass immunization, the disease was wiped out in the Americas.

Health care trends1. in 1928, Scottish physician Alexander Flemming (1881-1955) inadvertently discovered Penicillin while studying moulds.2.In 1998, most leading causes of death is heart disease, cancer followed by strokes, influenza, diabetes, and kidney disease.3.Water Fluoridation began in 1948. Fluoridation is the act of adding fluoride ions to water in order to reduce tooth decay in the general population.

Literature On January 11, 1964, Luther L. Terry, M.D. (1911-1985), Surgeon General of the U.S. Public Health Service, released the report of the Surgeon General's Advisory Committee on Smoking and Health. That landmark document, now referred to as the first Surgeon General's Report on Smoking and Health, was America's first widely publicized official recognition that cigarette smoking is a cause of cancer and other serious diseases.

QuoteI have been trying to point out that in our lives chance may have an astonishing influence and, if i may offer advide to the young labortory worker, it would be this-never neglect an extraorinary appearance or happenng. It may be-usually is, in fact-a false alarm that leads to nothing, but ay on the other hand be the clue provided by fate to lead you to some important advance. - Sir Alexander Flemimg

20th Century


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