[2012] Jaya Thohan: Jaya's Glog

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[2012] Jaya Thohan: Jaya's Glog

In the 1920s, Gangs of powerful criminals was common.They grew richer by the day by controlling illegal buisnesses. They would use bribery and fear to supress policeman. In some larger cities like Detroit, Chicago, and New York City, the Gangs would take over entire neighborhoods. America's best-known gangster was Alphonse "Al" Capone.

Al Capone was the greatest gangster of all time. He ruled chicago during the 1920s. He owned many casinos anad speakeasies. In public, Capone tried to appear generous and kind. Many people were fooled by this act, so more and more people began to respect and admire him. Capone was known as "Scarface" because of the scar on his left cheek he had gotten in a fight. In the St. Valentine's Day Massacre, Capone and his gang were accused of the murder of seven men from the Bugs Moran gang in 1929. This charge was never proved.

Clara Bow was a popular motion-picture star during the 1920s. She became a symbol of the Flapper, a confident young woman of the Roaring Twenties. Bow played a character in the film It and instantly became known world-wide as the "It" girl. Bow also starred in alot of other films as well, like Wings and Mantrap. She lived in extreme poverty, when she won a movie magazine's talent contest. She also struggled with mental and phsycial health problems. She made her last film in 1933.

Duke Ellington was an Amercian jazz bandleader, composer, and pianist. He rates as one of the most greatest figures in jazz. At age 17, he made his professional debut. In 1923 he became apart of Elmer Snowden's band, the Washingtonians. Ellington soon took control of the band, and from 1927 to 1932, the Ellington Band was the house band at the Cotton Club in Harlem.

President Warren G. Harding was elected president in 1920. His supporters expected him to replenish the atmosphere back to the carefree days before World War I. Harding encouraged his beliefs by using his campaign slogan "Back to Normalcy" which is basically saying for things to go back to the way they were. The popularity of Harding's administration was damaged by severe depression of 1920.

In the 1920s, Henry Ford was the leading American manufacturer of automobiles. He established the Ford Motor Company. The savings from this technique helped Ford sell his automobiles at lower prices than any other Automobile Company. From 1908-1927, more than half the cars sold in the U.S. were from Fords. Ford soon began working on a simple yet affordable car that people would admire. He produced one of the first such cars in 1908, named the Model T. In 1909, he decided that he would only produce Model T's.

The Lost Generation is a term that defines a group of American writers who lived during the 1920s. The Lost Generation took place in World War I. The people in the group included Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway, Ezra Pound, F. Scott Fitzgerald, E. E. Cummings, John Dos Passos, Thornton Wilder, and Hart Crane. Hemingway used Gertrude Stein's phrase "You are all in the lost generation" in the preface of his novel.

St. Valentine's Day Massacre

The St. Valentine's Day Massacre was a very dull, bloody day. It all began on February of 1929. Five men in the Bugs Moran gang were sitting in the garage on 2122 N. Clark Street in Chicago. The other two men were casual visitors. They were waiting for their boss, who wanted a consignment of the liquor convoyed from the Canadian border. A black car suddenly emerged into the driveway. This was no ordinary car. This was a police car, with an alarm bell on the running board and gun rack behind the front seat. Four of the men stepped out of the car and crossed to the garage while the fifth man stayed behind the wheel. One of the men shouted "Line up! Put your noses to the wall!" and then their guns were fired. The seven men against the wall were cut down in the cross fire. Then the four men dashed back to the car and left. It had turned out that none of these men were police at all. The real police had arrived after the other men had left and walked into the garage only to await a giant pool of blood. There layed the seven men that died : Pete Gusenberg, James Clark, Adam Heyer, John May, and the two casual visitors, Al Weinshank and Dr. Reinhart H. Schwimmer.


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