[2012] Claire D'Alessio: Claire-Lost Generation

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[2012] Claire D'Alessio: Claire-Lost Generation

After Prohibition, the demand for alcohol rose, and encouraged the growth of crime groups who supplied it. There had already been gangs, but they became more organized and had more money after Prohibition. The gangs controlled the illegal alcohol business in their neighborhoods.

A flapper was a woman, usually between the ages of 15 and 25. All flappers shared similar characteristics, such as a low cut dress and skirt that was only an inch below her knee. Her dress was shapeless. She wore her hair in a bob, a short, sleek haircut. This was a rebellion of sorts, and went along with the other modern ideas of the decade.

Speakeasies were underground drinking places that appeared after Prohibition, the 18th Amendment. By the middle of the 1920s, there were 100,000 speakeasies in only New York City. This led to an increase in crime and gangsters, who often supplied the illegal alcohol.

On February 13th, George Moran, who led the North Side gang, received a tempting phone call about a truckload of whiskey for him to buy. He ordered the whiskey to be delivered the next day. On February 14th, a Cadillac drove up to the building and five men got out, two in police uniforms and three in civilian clothes. They went into the garage, and when they left six dead men and another dying were found inside.

During the 1920s, there were many fads, including mah-jongg, crossword puzzles, marathon dancing, yo-yos and roller-skating. In this decade, Americans wanted to be like everyone else, and to be completely different. They could accomplish that by taking up the latest fad, and by being better than everyone else at this fad.

There were many inventions during the 1920s, including the liquid-fuel rocket, electric refrigerators, hair dryers, food mixers, and valve radio receiver. These were important because it made American life easier and gave Americans more leisure time, which they spent going to movies and sports games.

There were several defining traits of advertising, such as brashness and lack of scruples. Many ads had semi factual, non-scientific details. There was also an increase of the use of psychology and psychological insights, such as the realization that fear is a wonderful persuader. This is important because advertising shared many characteristics with the decade, like brashness.

The 18th Amendment, which outlawed the consumption, manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages, was known as Prohibition. This was significant to the decade because it caused a major increase in crime, because people were going to illegal drinking places in order to get alcohol, and gangsters were supplying the illegal substance.

The writers of the 1920s were called the Lost Generation, having been called that by Gertrude Stein. She used the term to describe the generation’s disillusionment with the ideals of older generations. Some of these writers were Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway, Ezra Pound, F. Scott Fitzgerald, E. E. Cummings, John Dos Passas, Thornton Wilder, and Hart Crane. These writers were associated with the unconventional art scene is Paris, and tended toward philosophic pessimism. The writers rejected the narrow mindedness and materialism that followed the end of World War 1, and also the conventional literary techniques from the past. They often wrote with critique of American culture, and were at odds with the conventional morality. These writers left the United States and moved to Europe so as to be able to write what they wanted without the confines of American culture. The Lost Generation was significant to the decade because it showed the change American people were making. They presented a new view of American society to the world through their literature.

Flapper

Gangsters

Speakeasy

Mah-Jongg

Lost Generation

St. Valentine's Day Massacre

Prohibition

Inventions

Advertising


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