1970s

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
History
Grade:
8

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1970s

The 1970s

Jimmy Carter was the 39th President of the United States. He was in office from 1977 to 1981. His real name was James Earl Carter. James was a part of the Democratic Party. He is remembered because he was awarded the Noble Peace Prize in 2002.Carter was a moral and upstanding individual. Jimmy was not a very effective president. He was a good person, but a bad president. Carter was proud of his outsider status, and made little effort to reach out to Washington’s leaders. This made Congress deny many of his proposals.

In the 1970s, they wore pant suits, leisure suit and track suits. Every women always had a cowl neck sweater and every men always had striped v-neck velour shirts. Woman would wear tunics, culottes, and robes. People liked polyester, butterfly collars, bell bottoms, skin tight shirts, sandals, flower patterned dress shirts, sideburns, and tennis headbands. The one main theme was the tight fitting pants.

One of the bestselling novels of the 1970s was The Summer of the Swans and the author of this book was Betsey Byers. This book is about a girl whose mentally challenged brother goes missing and about the search to find her again. Another popular book was Ordinary Jack. This book was written by Helen Cresswell.

In the 1970s, an Environmental Movement was passed. This day is also known as Earth Day. Senator Nelson was the one who announced the idea, but Gaylord Nelson came up with the movement. Pete McCloskey was co-chair, and Denis Hayes was national coordinator. This movement was very successful and is still around today. We celebrate Earth Day every year on April 22.

By: Rorie Smith Class: D Tuesday, May 26, 2015

One of the things that was invented in the 1970s was the email. The email was invented by a man named Ray Tomlinson in 1971. The first digital camera was invented in 1975. This was invented by Steven Sasson for Kodak. The camera weighed eight pounds and took black and white images on a cassette tape. It had .01 megapixels. Another example of an invention in the 1970s was the pocket calculator. This calculator was launched in Japan; people liked them because they weren’t as big as the ones they had before..

In 1976, The Beatles were number seven with the song Got To Get You Into My Life. In 1978, the number one hit was You Don’t Bring Me Flowers. This song was a remix of two different versions of the song. This was done by Neil Diamond and Barbra Streisand. In 1973, Dark Side Moon, by Pink Floyd became very popular too!

One of the most popular television shows in the 1970s was Sesame Street. This show made it easy for both parents and kids to watch together. This show had the biggest positive impact on modern society beyond any other. Little House on the Prairie was also a very popular television show. This show was based on Laura Ingalls Wilder’s 9-part series of autobiographical books.

For the election in 1976, there was rising inflation and many people were going unemployed. Gerald Ford cut the inflation down to 4.6 percent while he was president. The recession during the 1970s was the Oil Crisis Recession. This recession was caused by the amount of government spending from the Vietnam War and the quadrupling oil prices. This led to high unemployment rates.

January 27, 1973, the sides that were in the war signed an agreement to peace. North Vietnam then attacked the South. Vietnam was then united under communist rule and they renamed the city Ho Chi Minh. 58,000 young Americans were killed and 300,000 were wounded. 150 billion dollars in direct costs where sent for the Vietnam War. Most of the people in the war had PTSD which stands for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Americans had a tough time admitting that they had lost the war, which led to the veterans not being properly commemorated. It took them a decade for them to begin building a black stone wall in Washington D.C.

Gerald Ford was the 38th President of the United States. He was President from 1974 to 1976. He took office as a Vice President after the Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned because he was taking bribes from state contractors. After Richard Nixon resigned, Gerald Ford then served 2 years as President. He was a part of the Republican Party. Gerald Ford cut inflation down to 4.6 percent. Gerald Ford was a great leader and he was a very effective president. He is remembered as someone who represented our nation well, during some of the hardest years after Richard Nixon.

The Watergate Scandal was when five of Nixon’s supporters broke into the Democratic National Committee office. The burglars put a piece of tape on each lock to hold it. The security guard saw the tape and ripped it off. When he went back he realized it had been replaced. The police then showed up and the five supporters were arrested. Nixon said that he had no involvement in the scandal. Investigators wanted to see the tapes of Nixon speaking about the scandal, but Nixon said that he wanted all tapes to be confidential. Two years after the scandal took place Nixon had to give up the tapes and would be impeached. Nixon resigned before the impeachment. Watergate left many Americans with a deep distrust in the Government.

Richard M. Nixon was the 37th President of the United States. He served as president from 1969-1974. Americans remember him because he was the only President to resign from office. He had to resign because of the Watergate Scandal or he would have been impeached. Nixon was part of the Republican Party. Richard was an effective president because he ended the fighting in Vietnam. Richard was also very secretive, which explains the Watergate Scandal. He also had many enemies, which lead to him having to make an enemies list for people who threaten his presidency. People remember him because of the Watergate Scandal.


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