1920's Politics and Social Tension

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1920's Politics and Social Tension

The Roaring 20's

Teapot Dome ScandalAlbert B. Fall, the secretary of the interior in President Warren Harding's cabinet was convicted of taking a bribe during his term in office. In October 1923, the Senate Public Lands Committee began research that uncovered not only a $100,000 bribe that Fall collected from Doheny but also that the President of Mammoth Oil, Harry Sinclair had granted Fall some $300,000 in government bonds and cash in exchange in benifet of the Teapot Dome Reserce in Wyoming.

Volstead ActThe Volstead Act, also acknowledged as the National Prohibition Act, a United States law created in 1919 that took effect in1920 to enforce the 18th amendment (prohibition) forbiding hte making and the selling of alcohol. It was named after a Minnesota Representitive Andrew Volstead,the chairman of teh House Judiciary Committee, who had promoted the law and prohibition. The law was vetoed by President Woodrow Wilson, but it became a law after Congress vetoed the President's veto.

Sacco & VanzettiOn April 15, 1920, a shoe companie's paymaster in South Briantree, Massachusetts, was murdered with his guard. The killers, two Italian men stole $15,00. After claiming a car linked to the crime, Sacco and Vanzetti were arrested. Both men carried guns and stated falsly when arrested but, neither had a criminal record. On July 14, 1921, they were sentenced to death.Anti-anarchist feelings were high in 1920's america and the trial was regarded by many as outstandingly wrongful. In the days coming to the execution, rallies were held all around the world, and bombs went off in Philidelphia and New York City. On August 23, the two men were electrocuted

Politics & Social Tension

Scopes "Monkey"Trial In Dayton, Tennessee, the "Monkey Trial" starts with young John T. Scopes, a high school science teacher, who allegedly taught the theory of evolution, which violated Tennessee law.The law, which was allowed into law in March, made it a violation punishable by fine to "teach any theory that denies the story of Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower form of animals." In 1927, the Tennessee Supreme Court reversed the Monkey Trial decision on a technicality but left the constitutional problems unresolved until 1968, when the U.S. Supreme Court inverted a similar Arkansas law on the grounds that it disobeyed the First Amendment.

The Worst of Times

World CourtThe Permanent Court of International Justice, also known as the World Court, was proposed during the Treaty of Versailles as an efficient replacement of the feeble Hague Tribunal. Article 14 of the League of nations Covenant stated theauthority of the leagueto design a Permanent Court of International Justice "competent to hear and determine any dispute of an international character which the parties thereto submit to it" and able of offering "an advisory opinion upon any dispute or question referred to it by the Council or by the Assembly."The World Court opened its doors in 1921 after the League of Nations Covenant was approved by 42 nations (63 governments will join the league before its fall in 1946. President Wilson, despite his efforts, failed to persuade the Senate to approve the Treaty; therefore; the U.S. would not join the League of Nations of the World Court.

Palmer RaidsDeeply anti-anarchist in his philosophy, Herbert Hoover came to the forefront of federal law enforcement in the "Red Scare" of 1919 - 1920. He started a card indicating system stating all of the anarchist leaders, organizations, institutions, and announcements in the U.S. and by 1921 had collected about 450,000 files. More than 10,000 alleged convicts had also been arrested in this time, but many of these criminals had been lightly interrogated and set free. Even though the attorney general was blamed for misusing his power during the "Palmer Raids," Hoover appeared un harmed, on May 10, 1924, he became the director off the Federal Buero of Investigation(FBI).

Works CitedBrick, Christopher, ed. "World Court." The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project. George Washington University, n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. .Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. "Volstead Act." Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2015. .History.com Staff. "Cabinet Member Guilty in Teapot Dome Scandal." History.com. A+E Networks, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2015. .- - -. "FBI Founded." History.com. A+E Networks, 2010. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. .- - -. "Monkey Trial Begins." History.com. A+E Networks, 2009. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. .- - -. "Sacco and Vanzetti executed." History.com. A+E Networks, 2010. Web. 22 Mar. 2015. .James, Edwin L. "Defiant Reds Plan March on Embassy." ProQuest Historical Newspapers (Graphical). N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. .History @ SHS. "Roaring 20s - Palmer Raids (1st Blk.)." Youtube. N.p., 27 Oct. 2014. Web. 29 Mar. 2015. .Clark, Michael Charels. "Black White Rag." soundzabound. schoolaid.net, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2015. .

By Thomas Inerrante


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